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Overview of land degradation neutrality (LDN) in Europe and Central Asia

LDN in Serbia










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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Overview of land degradation neutrality (LDN) in Europe and Central Asia
    LDN in Kazakhstan
    2021
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    Kazakhstan, located in Central Asia, is the ninth largest country in world. It has a great diversity of topographies and soil characteristics and a variety of different climates with a marked seasonality. Agricultural activities are present in 80 percent of the country, with large areas covered by permanent meadows and pastures. Despite its significant pasture resources, overgrazing is found near rural settlements, enhancing water and wind erosion, expansion of non-palatable plants and soil salinity. With around 3 million hectares of forest and large cold winter deserts, Kazakstan hosts a rich diversity of endemic species. Soil salinity is also a major problem in croplands, especially in irrigated lands lacking proper water management.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Overview of land degradation neutrality (LDN) in Europe and Central Asia
    LDN in Albania
    2021
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    Albania is a small, mountainous country located in south-eastern Europe facing the Adriatic Sea, with an exceptionally rich biodiversity. Most of the population lives in rural areas, where agriculture represents the main income source and poverty is much higher than in the capital city, Tirana. The steep topography makes the country more vulnerable to extreme climate-related events and land degradation. Soil loss via water erosion in Albania is higher than in most countries of the region and has had a significant negative effect on the carrying capacity of pastures and agricultural yields.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Overview of land degradation neutrality (LDN) in Europe and Central Asia
    LDN in Uzbekistan
    2021
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    Uzbekistan is one of the only two double landlocked countries in the world (completely surrounded by other landlocked countries). It is mostly covered by arid and semiarid plains and deserts with strong continental climate (hot summer and cold winters), with mountain landscapes and more humid climate to the east. The main rivers in Central Asia cross its territory, which has the second lowest Net Primary Productivity of the region (0.71 tC per ha). However, Uzbekistan still holds the second highest Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use GDP of the region, showing the relevance of irrigation for the country´s economy. Soils are prone to salinization which is exacerbated by dust storms and salt from exposed Aral seabed and unsustainable irrigation and cropland management.

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