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Risk Assessment of choleragenic Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139 in Warm-Water Shrimp in International Trade. Interpretative Summary and Technical Report. Microbiological Risk Assessment Series (MRA) 9













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    Book (series)
    Advances in science and risk assessment tools for Vibrio parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus associated with seafood
    Meeting report
    2021
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    Globally, the Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus represent important human pathogens associated with the consumption of seafood. In response to the requests for scientific advice from Codex Committee on Food Hygiene (CCFH), risk assessments for the pathogens V. vulnificus, V. cholerae, V. parahaemolyticus and guidance on methods for the detection of Vibrio spp. with seafood have been conducted and published previously by JEMRA. In order to provide an update on the state-of-the-art advice regarding risk assessment for V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus in seafood, an expert meeting was convened. Several critical developments in the last decade were subsequently noted by the expert working group: 1) The emergence of highly pathogenic strains; 2) In response to climate change, there has been a significant geographical spread regarding when and where these seafood-associated Vibrio infections; 3) Demographic considerations are very important; 4) A range of new approaches for best practice; and 5) A range of new methods, such as those utilising genomics and satellite imagery. This report describes the output of that expert meeting.
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    Book (series)
    Risk assessment tools for Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus associated with seafood
    Meeting report
    2020
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    There has been an increase in reported outbreaks and cases of foodborne disease attributed to pathogenic Vibrio species. As a result, there have been several instances where the presence of pathogenic Vibrio spp. in seafood has led to a disruption in international trade. A number of Vibrio spp. are increasingly being recognized as potential human pathogens. The food safety concerns associated with these microorganisms have led to the need for microbiological risk assessment for their control. This report provides the review of risk assessment of existing tools for V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus in oysters and different bivalve molluscan species, the available information on testing methodology and recommend microbiological methods to monitor the levels of pathogenic Vibrio spp. in seafood and/or water. Such tools are envisioned to support countries in their efforts to use risk-based approaches in the selection of control measures appropriate for their seafood species, primary production and post-harvest practices. This volume and others in this Microbiological Risk Assessment Series contain information that is useful to both risk assessors and risk managers, the Codex Alimentarius Commission, governments and regulatory authorities, food producers and processers and other institutions and individuals with an interest in Vibrio spp. and its control.
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    Book (series)
    Risk Assessment of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Seafood. Interpretative summary and Technical Report. Microbiological Risk Assessment (MRA) 16 2011
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    Vibrio parahaemolyticus are common causes of diarrhoeal disease worldwide. These marine micro-organisms, native in estuarine waters globally, concentrate in the gut of filter-feeding molluscan shellfish, such as oysters, clams and mussels. Raw and undercooked seafood, including finfish, represent the principal vehicle of transmission to humans. This volume considers the applicability of an assessment of the public health impact of raw oyster consumption, developed in one country, to asse ss the public health risk associated with the consumption of raw oysters harvested in other countries where different growing and harvesting scenarios might exist. The approach is also applied to bloody clams and finfish to establish if such a risk assessment can also be adapted to other types of shellfish and finfish. This work is therefore divided in three parts focusing on (i) risk assessment of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in raw oysters, (ii) risk assessment of Vibrio parahaemolyti cus in bloody clam and (iii) risk assessment of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in bloody clam and (iii) risk assessment of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in finfish. As well as providing insights on the risks associated with consumption of these commodities, the work also addresses how to make maximum use of existing and/or limited resources.

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