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Burkina Faso - Joint response 2019-2020










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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Burkina Faso | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    Faced by an unprecedented humanitarian crisis, the situation in Burkina Faso continues to deteriorate at an alarming pace, with massive population displacements due to increasing insecurity, and high levels of food insecurity and malnutrition. Limited rainfall in 2019 resulted in significant fodder shortages and an overall reduction in cereal production and may lead to an early and extended lean season. Difficult field access, the destruction of production infrastructure, livestock loss and looting, as well as the intensification of inter-community conflict, have hindered market functioning and eroded livelihoods. In certain areas, competition for natural resources between farmers and herders, and between host and displaced families is exacerbated by high population concentration, affecting social cohesion and the sustainability of these resources. In a context of rising insecurity and the subsequent increase of humanitarian needs, COVID-19 is contributing to the deterioration of the food security situation, affecting households’ sources of income, livelihoods and purchasing power. Border closures, disruptions of supply chains and markets, and food price hikes are preventing farmers and pastoralists from accessing basic food items and selling their products. Income reduction and the decrease in agropastoral production resulting from limited employment opportunities, and reduced access to fields for planting and inputs are severely disrupting livelihood activities. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Burkina Faso | Emergency Plan
    FAO in the 2019 humanitarian appeals
    2019
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    Since the beginning of 2018, the security crisis across the Sahel region has sharply deteriorated particularly in Burkina Faso. Already vulnerable to a fragile economic context and recurrent climatic shocks, the recent upsurge in violence perpetrated by armed groups has caused an unprecedented humanitarian crisis, while ongoing population displacements are intensifying inter‑communal conflict. In the medium and long terms, food insecurity is expected to worsen and pastoral and agropastoral households are likely to loose their productive assets. Where security allows, increasing resilience‑based livelihood assistance is critical to ensure that households can produce their own food and generate income. Under the updated 2019 Emergency Plan, FAO requires USD 11.6 million before December 2019 to assist 323 390 people in order to restore their livelihoods.
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    Strengthening nutrition and resilience of crisis-affected communities in the Central-North region of Burkina Faso
    Use of local radio to promote food and nutrition messages coupled with support to rural livelihoods
    2021
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    The Central-North region of Burkina Faso (specifically Yirgou and Gasseliki villages) has experienced frequent attacks by armed groups, besides the inter-community clashes in Barsalogho. These actions led to internal displacements of the population since the beginning of 2019. The displaced communities lost their livelihood means. Moreover, there was widespread food insecurity during the dry season between June and August 2019. The government emergency services, the United Nations (UN) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) undertook a rapid joint assessment in mid-January 2019 in order to understand the needs of the displaced population. The national nutrition survey undertaken in September 2018 showed that the Central-North region had about 28 percent of children under five years who were stunted and almost nine percent who were wasted. The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) carried out in November 2018 showed that the food security and nutrition situation of the Central-North region was critical during the lean season of June–August 2019 and about 676 200 people were affected. Against this background, the French government financed a project led by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) entitled “Support to vulnerable households affected by food insecurity and conflicts in the Central-North region of Burkina Faso”. The project received USD 505 051 and was implemented between May 2019 and June 2020. This promising practice is an example of a resilience-building intervention implemented through an integrated, community-based, multi-partner approach operationalizing the humanitarian-development-peace nexus.

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