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Water Governance for Agriculture and Food Security









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    Document
    The Water-Energy-Food Nexus: A new approach in support of food security and sustainable agriculture 2014
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    If a decision is made at the national level to increase the share of bioenergy, what implications does this have for water, land and energy? How do electricity subsidies contribute to groundwater depletion and what can be done about it? How can we ensure that sectoral policies and strategies consider the potential trade-offs for other sectors? Finding answers to these questions is the main challenge of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus. By describing the complex and interrelated nature of our global r esource systems, the Nexus approach helps us to better understand and systematically analyze how we can use and manage our resources in light of different, often competing interests and goals.
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    Project
    Improving Food Security through Strengthened Water Governance in Rwanda, Senegal and Sri Lanka - GCP/GLO/907/GER 2023
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    Around the world, countries are struggling to adapt their agriculture and food systems to conditions of water scarcity, climate change and increased competition. As well as the excess of demand over available supply, this phenomenon can also be caused by a lack of adequate infrastructure as a result of financial, technical or other constraints, or the scarcity of access to reliable water services. The failure of institutions to ensure a secure and equitable supply of water to different users can also affect the availability of water, jeopardizing food security and livelihoods. With smallholders particularly vulnerable to changes in water availability and access, greater focus on water governance for agriculture and food security is needed if the underlying issues of water scarcity in a changing climate are to be addressed. In this context, the objective of the KnoWatproject was that, by 2020, water governance processes in Rwanda, Senegal and Sri Lanka should be supported through inclusive, evidence-based water resources assessments, consisting of water accounting, auditing and tenure assessments and involving key stakeholders and water users.
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    Project
    Strengthening water governance to support food security and prevent water scarcity 2019
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    The capacity of countries to adapt their agricultural production and food systems to times of water scarcity and increased competition for water resources, as well as changing climatic conditions, is an issue of global concern. According to the World Water Development Report (2012), 1.8 billion people will be living in regions that face “absolute water scarcity” by 2025. However, water scarcity is not only a question of demand being greater than supply; the failure of institutions to ensure secure and equitable water access can contribute equally to the problem. Importantly, water scarcity is linked to inadequate infrastructure that arises from financial, technical and other constraints. In order to address this concern, a strengthened focus on water governance for agriculture and food security needs to be adopted at both the national and global level.

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