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Technical Assistance for Development of Sustainable Agricultural Value Chains in Nagaland - TCP/IND/3704








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    Technical Assistance for Development of Sustainable Agricultural Value Chains in Mizoram - TCP/IND/3703 2022
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    Agriculture and animal husbandry are the major source of livelihoods for the majority of households in the Indian state of Mizoram however, these sectors are hindered by a variety of factors, including inefficient value chains, increasing food demands for a growing population and Transboundary Animal Diseases ( that affect livestock production Inefficiency along various value chains is caused by the state’s uneven topography, low production at individual household level and poor access to markets In addition to this, primary producers do not get their fair share of value generated The major issues within the chains vary across functions like input supply, production, processing, and marketing For these reasons, the project design included value chain development studies for ginger, mizo chilli turmeric and piggery to enhance the processing and marketing of these commodities Traditional jhum (shifting cultivation) farming practices are challenged by an increasing population and its resultant food demands, which exert tremendous pressure on the land and forest of Mizoram Jhum is an age old system, and to ensure its sustainability, an appropriate and judicious integration of modern technologies with traditional farming wisdom is crucial To support this, the project included a sustainable jhum study to systematically document various good practices along with traditional practices and to analyse their prospects and constraints, making recommendations for the utilization of the best practices out of those documented ©FAO/ Malsawm Dawngliana ©FAO/ Malsawm Dawngliana.
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    Fostering Climate Resilient Upland Farming Systems in Nagaland - UTF/IND/196/IND 2022
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    Increasing population and its resultant food demands in Nagaland is exerting tremendous pressure on the land and forest of the State, thereby posing challenges to sustainability of jhum farmers and farming system. Jhum is an age old system, and to ensure its sustainability an appropriate and judicious integration of modern technologies with traditional farming wisdom is crucial. In addition, climate change adaptation in Nagaland is critical, as over 71 percent of the population is rural and dependent on climate sensitive production systems and natural resources; and changing climate patterns are further exacerbating the impacts of shortened jhum cycles. Against this background, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is supporting the Government of Nagaland through the Fostering Climate Resilient Upland Farming Systems in the Northeast (FOCUS) project, to address the above mentioned issues. Through the current project, FAO provided technical assistance to the FOCUS project, in order to enhance the environmental sustainability and profitability of farming systems in Nagaland.
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    Booklet
    Climate-Smart Agriculture in Seychelles 2019
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    The climate smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects an ambition to improve the integration of agriculture development and climate responsiveness. It aims to achieve food security and broader development goals under a changing climate and increasing food demand. CSA initiatives sustainably increase productivity, enhance resilience, and reduce/remove greenhouse gases (GHGs), and require planning to address trade-offs and synergies between three pillars: productivity, adaptation and mitigation. The priorities of different countries and stakeholders are reflected to achieve more efficient, effective, and equitable food systems that address challenges in environment, social, and economic dimensions across productive landscapes. The country profile provides a snapshot of a developing baseline created to initiate discussion, both within countries and globally, about entry points for investing in CSA at scale. Seychelles is a small island state in the western Indian Ocean, which has developed a high-income economy and eliminated extreme poverty. Agriculture contributes about 2.2% of the country’s gross domestic product with tourism and the fisheries and seafood industries serving as the main pillars of the economy. Agricultural land occupies about 3.4% of the total land area of the country. A large portion of the land area (88.4%) is covered by forest mainly natural and established plantations for commercial purposes. Seychelles is divided into two large agro-climatic zones based on biophysical characteristics- mountainous/forest zone high ground and coastal plateau. In terms of agriculture, two agroecological zones can be distinguished mainly based on soil: upland and sandy soil. Main cropping systems includes food crop-based systems and perennial crop-based systems. Livestock production include goat, pig and chicken. Most crop production is under rainfed or irrigation system. Most farms are under 2 ha with backyard farming done to supplement household food or income. The main crops and products include coconut, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potato, cassava, banana and tuna. Seychelles has the highest rate of overweight and obesity in Africa due to the shift from predominantly unprocessed traditional foods to a more westernised dietary intake consisting mainly of refined and processed foods. most greenhouse gas (GHG) emission come from the energy sector, followed by waste and agriculture which contributes 0.79% of the total. Seychelles has outlined in its nationally determined contributions mitigation actions in the forestry, energy and transport, and waste sectors. In agriculture, actions to mitigate climate change include: promotion of agricultural practises such as agroforestry which would involve mainstreaming strategies to limit deforestation and increase the sink capacity of forests. Challenges for the agricultural sector include (i) deforestation and unsuccessful intensification, (ii) uncontrolled urbanisation, land clearing, bush fires and population pressure, and (iii) high reliance on food imports. Agriculture in Seychelles is limited by a lack of arable land and extreme rainfall patterns and meteorological events like tropical storms, floods and droughts. Climate change poses serious challenges to the country such as uncontrolled economic and social consequences of floods, land degradation, sea-level rise, coastal erosion, declining agricultural yields, health vulnerability, and increased occurrence of drought. CSA technologies and practises present opportunities for addressing climate change challenges as well as for economic growth and development of the agriculture sector. Identified CSA practises in use in the country include: crop production under shade houses, inter cropping, use of organic manure and mulch, use of weather information, water control through irrigation, anti-erosion arrangement, windbreak and shelter, and use of climate-adapted seeds. Seychelles has several key institutions and policies aimed at supporting and increasing agriculture productivity and advancing CSA practises. These include government ministries and agency structures of ministries, firms operating in the agricultural sector, academic institutions, specialised laboratories and agricultural research institutes and training centres. The Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change (MEECC) serving as the country’s UNFCCC focal point and nationally designated authority to the Green Climate Fund is responsible for country’s climate change plans and policies. On the agriculture front the ministry of agriculture and fisheries is the key government institution for partnerships for climate-smart agriculture work in the communities as well as for policy and investment related issues through the national agricultural investment plan. A number of csa-related policies and strategies have been developed: National Programme on climate change strategy, national strategy for disaster risk management, national biodiversity strategy and action plan and the mainstreaming of climate change adaptation into the country’s strategic plan- a definitive document intended to guide land-use management up to the year 2040. A number of projects that foster the development of knowledge and evidence on the effectiveness of climate smart agriculture in improving food security, mitigating climate change and improving the adaptive capacities of production systems and populations in Seychelles have received support from various donors and financing schemes. In addition, AfDB, COMESA, FAO, EU, IFAD, etc. have invested hugely in several aspects of the climate/agricultural sector of Seychelles which also include the development and promotion of csa innovations. From various sources of climate finance available internationally, Seychelles is currently eligible for only a limited number of these and has not wholly accessed major funding instruments such as the Green Climate Fund and Adaptation Fund. The county is a small island nation whose prospects rely heavily on external demand, especially tourism. This poses major challenges for diversification and resilience. Its commitment to csa is relatively new with limited institutions and sources of funding.

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