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Improved Technical Capacity of Fish Farmers and Authorities on Fish Feed Development in Central Asia - TCP/SEC/3701









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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Making aquafeed more sustainable and accessible 2024
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    Aquafeeds are the largest variable cost in fed aquaculture, accounting for up to 70 percent of total expenses. Their high cost can make fish farming unfeasible, which highlights the need for technological solutions.Improved knowledge of nutrition and the development of extruded feeds have contributed to driving the recent growth in production in the aquaculture sector. However, a gap exists between producers that have access to formulated commercial feed and those that lack it. There is a need to develop or adopt new local ingredients and production systems that allow the viability of small-scale aquaculture with limited resources. The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) provides guidance on how to adopt sustainable practices in aquaculture focusing, among other issues, on choosing more sustainable ingredients for aqua feed. There are highlighted in the Guidelines for Sustainable Aquaculture.FAO has used its expertise to train people to use waste fish in Barbados to make silage that can be used in fish feed, has supposed farmers in formulating and manufacturing feed in Kyrgyzstan, and has trialled feed based on black soldier fly larvae in Nigeria.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Characterization of the aquafeed sub-sector in the Kyrgyz Republic: an aquafeed value chain analysis and preparation of a business plan for establishing a feed mill 2018
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    Among many other factors, feed is a limiting factor, which accounts for a major share of the total operational cost of the aquaculture sector in Kyrgyz Republic. This study aims to analyze the value chain of aquafeed sub-sector including their possible constraints and develop a business plan for establishing small-scale aquafeed mill in the Kyrgyz Republic. This is the first post-USSR country case study which assesses the current status of the aquafeed sub-sector, aquafeed value chain, on-farm feeding and feed management practices, performance of different actors in terms of value addition and profitability, and feed regulations, institutions and policies and presents a business plan for small-scale aquafeed in Kyrgyz Republic. The study identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in this sub-sector, and suggests a number of development strategies which would improve the performance of feed industry and farmers’ access to better feeds and ultimately support the development of aquaculture sector in Kyrgyz Republic. Quantitative data analysis result shows that the Kyrgyz aquafeed sub-sector is still in its infancy and its value chain is very simple; including only few actors comprising feed input suppliers, aquafeed producers, aquafeed traders and fish farmers, and all of them are doing their business profitably. Feed is a crucial input in fish farming which accounts for about 65 – 75 percent of the operational cost of fish production, which means that a substantial part of fish farmers’ income is transferred to feed manufacturers. Good quality feed is a prerequisite for increasing aquaculture productivity in Kyrgyz Republic where particularly fish farmers are using very little volume of commercial feed as supplementary feed. With potential of aquaculture intensification and lack of quality feed, establishment of a commercial feed mill in the country for both carps and trout may have a strong justification. The primary competitors of a new feed mill would be the existing locally manufactured feeds and the commercial feed that are being imported. Imported feeds are mainly for trout and often expensive and not available in the local market throughout the country. Public-private partnership operated feed mill in Kyrgyz Republic with the capacity of 500 kg/hour is expected to be profitable, with an anticipated profit of USD13 617 in year one, rising to USD 97 980 in year five. The Internal Rate of Return (IRR) of such a mill is estimated to be 19.1 percent, which is expected to be reasonably good. Therefore, the study recommends establishing a public-private partnership aquafeed mill in Kyrgyz Republic that would be feasible, viable and profitable. The major factors impacting on the performance of the value-chain relate to the feed ingredients, feed production, fish farmers, marketing and other service providers (e.g., financial, academic and research institutions, extension services). Aquafeed value chain shows reasonable promise although there are constrains and a lack of institutional, regulatory and policy environment to oversee this sectoral development. Aquafeed subsector can play an important role in aquaculture sector development as it has strong backward and forward linkages with aquaculture sector, which can eventually play an important role in the overall development of Kyrgyz economy. The study recommends various measures to develop the sub-sector including the establishment of additional feed mills and use of locally available raw feed materials, developing and strengthening quality control and inspection facilities, providing training and better organizational management of fish farms and improving the institutional, legal and policy environment.
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    Document
    Revitalising the aquaculture sector in Kyrgyzstan- TCP/KYR/3502 2017
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    Following the fall of the Soviet Union, aquaculture production across Central Asia has dramatically declined and many operational fish farms have been abandoned. Existing pond farms and new production facilities in the Kyrgyz Republic are promising, yet a lack of technical expertise and support industries limits the potential growth of the aquaculture sector. Fish farmers rely on costly imported or poor quality feeds and, as a result, suffer from low production rates and economic returns. This project aimed to revitalise the aquaculture sector by promoting the manufacture and use of high quality, cost-effective and safe aquafeeds. The objective was to support fish farmers and fish farming communities to sustainably develop and optimise on-farm feed management practices, thereby enhancing the economic performance of the aquaculture sector.

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