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Climate change impacts and adaptation options in the agrifood system

Brief summary of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Sixth Assessment Report









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    Booklet
    Climate change impacts and adaptation options in the agrifood system
    A summary of the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change sixth Assessment Report
    2022
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    This paper summarizes the findings of the Working Group II contributions to the International Panel on Climate Change’s Sixth Assessment Report which runs into over 3 000 pages, focusing on the assessment’s conclusions and their effect on agrifood systems. The Assessment Reports of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) are important as they provide policy makers with state of knowledge assessments on climate change, its implications, and potential future risks. These assessments also put forward adaptation and mitigation options.
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    Meeting
    Update on the development of the new FAO Strategy on Climate Change
    Thirty-session Session of the FAO Regional Conference for Asia and the Pacific (APRC 36)
    2022
    The need to address climate change impacts in agri-food systems has never been clearer. In the face of increasing extreme climate events around the globe, including extreme precipitation, heatwaves and droughts, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report “Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis” warns of unequivocal, unprecedented, irreversible trends which increasingly put the planet and humanity in peril. Urgent action is required now by all nations if we are to keep warming within 2 ºC or, if still possible, within 1.5 ºC. At the same time, we need to make our systems resilient to the climate changes that are already unavoidable in coming years. Action at global, regional, national and local levels in agri-food systems, including in crops, livestock, forests, fisheries and related value chains, is a fundamental component of climate action because agri-food systems are heavily affected by climate change and at the same time, could be responsible for 21-37 percent of all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (IPCC). FAO needs to strengthen its contribution to the global climate agenda and support countries in transforming their agri-food systems, to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including eradication of hunger. The implementation of the existing FAO Strategy on Climate Change (2017) and FAO’s general contribution to climate action (SDG 13) were subject to an evaluation whose recommendations were approved at the 166th Session of the Council. As per Recommendation 2 of the Evaluation, the development of a new FAO Strategy on Climate Change has been launched and an informal consultation with Members was organized on 8 September 2021, where they reiterated the urgency to act and confirmed their commitment to the Strategy development process. The development of the new Strategy will be a stepwise process building on the 2017 FAO Strategy on Climate Change and the latest scientific evidence. It will include a Theory of Change to take FAO climate action beyond ‘business as usual’.
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    Book (series)
    Adaptation strategies of the aquaculture sector to the impacts of climate change 2017
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    The need for adaptation in the fisheries and aquaculture sector and the associated challenges are expected to increase with climate change. This has been stated with a very high degree of confidence by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in its Fifth Assessment Report (IPCC AR5). The Report also refers to the complexity of adaptation in the description of nine constraining factors, and laying down ten overlapping approaches for managing the risks of climate change through adaptation. T his document reviews the numerous options for aquaculture described in sector literature; it identifies key research areas that would improve the sector’s capacity to adapt to climate change impacts and inform policy on adaptation. The document ends with a set of suggestions for assessing potential adaptation measures and implementing them. These are built around two pillars: a sustainable livelihood framework, and an ecosystems approach to aquaculture management, supported by risk assessment an d management along the value chain and a feasibility assessment. The capacity of the main stakeholders to apply these concepts-sustainable livelihoods analysis, risk assessment and management, feasibility assessments (including cost-benefit anal

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