Thumbnail Image

Addressing rural youth migration at its root causes: A Conceptual Framework












Also available in:
No results found.

Related items

Showing items related by metadata.

  • Thumbnail Image
    Poster, banner
    Addressing Rural Youth Distress Migration 2016
    Migration out of rural areas is a complex issue, especially when caused by distress and lack of alternatives. The decision to migrate depends on a number of variables, including poverty, food insecurity, lack of employment opportunities, conflicts, natural disasters, poverty employment opportunities, and as well as household and individual characteristics. The impact of rural out-migration on the areas of origin can be positive or negative, or a combination of both: migrants and returnees can co ntribute investments, remittances and skills for rural development, but distress migration can also result in the loss of the most vital and dynamic part of the workforce, with negative consequences on agricultural productivity. For this reason, policies and actions addressing distress migration need to both target its root causes and minimize negative consequences, while at the same time enhance the positive contribution of migration to rural areas. This infographic provides an overview of th e root causes of economic distress migration of rural youth, in the context of labour migration, and describes how out-migration and remittances, if well managed, can contribute to rural development, poverty reduction and food security. For more information, please visit the webpage of the project Youth mobility, food security and rural poverty reduction”
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (stand-alone)
    Rural migration in Tunisia
    Drivers and patterns of rural youth migration and its impact on food security and rural livelihoods in Tunisia
    2018
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    The RuMiT (Rural Migration in Tunisia) research addresses the determinants of migration and mobility, the patterns and types of rural youth outmigration and the impact of rural youth migration on rural livelihoods and societies in origin regions in Tunisia. The research used a mixed-methods approach combining quantitative and qualitative methods, providing comparative insights into: international and internal migrants and non-migrants; pre- and post-2011 migrants; households with and without migrants. Main results show that migrants from rural areas are increasingly highly educated and leaving to pursue their studies abroad. This particularly applies to women, who also register a decrease in marriage-related migration. Migration proves to be rewarding for both internal and international migrants, in terms of occupational and social security outcomes. In particular, migrant women have higher labour market participation and employment rates than non-migrants. As a direct consequence of an emigration which is still male dominated, households with migrants are increasingly feminized, i.e. with a higher share of women, who are more likely to be active compared with women in nonmigrant households. Migrant households were also found to have higher access to social security. While incomes from remittances tend not to be invested in productive activities, evidence shows that one internal migrant out of four and one international migrant out of three has an economic activity in the areas of origin, which in most of the cases is connected with agricultural or animal production. The Rural Migration in Tunisia (RuMiT) research project was undertaken in the framework of the FAO project “Youth mobility, food security and rural poverty reduction: Fostering rural diversification through enhanced youth employment and better mobility” (GCP/INT/240/ITA) – in brief, the Rural Youth Migration (RYM) project – implemented in Tunisia and Ethiopia between 2015 and 2017, and funded by the Italian Development Cooperation.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Rural youth migration, social protection and sustainable value chains in Kenya 2018
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Exploring the links between migration, agricultural and rural transformation processes is an area where FAO has a comparative advantage thanks to its strong technical expertise and close relationship with governments and relevant stakeholders. The project "Reducing distress migration through local value chain development", funded by the Italian Development Cooperation, aims to address the root causes of distress rural out-migration of youth, by creating employment and entrepreneurship opportunities along food value chains and strengthening linkages with existing social protection programmes.

Users also downloaded

Showing related downloaded files

No results found.