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Improving farmers' resilience and income diversification in flood and typhoon prone areas through backyard Tilapia farming, Philippines








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    Use of submergence rice variety NSIC Rc-194 to counteract impacts of flooding in the Bicol region, Philippines 2013
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    Rice is the staple food of Filipinos. Farmers experienced high risk of crop losses (40 to 80 percent) during the typhoon month of October, November and December. In Bicol Region, San Buena, Buhi, Camarines Sur crop lands get / remain flooded during parts of the months September and October after the harvesting. This challenging situation can be mitigated without need for investing in additional the land preparation and other inputs. The flood tolerant rice variety NSIC Rc-194 (IRRI) survives, grows, and develops even after 10 days of complete submergence at vegetative stage. The variety was tested in three pilot municipalities (San Buena, Buhi, Camarines Sur) between June to October 2010 (wet season) in lowland irrigated farming systems in the Philippines. The use of NSIC Rc-194 has enabled farmer cooperators to produce acceptable rice yield under above stagnant water conditions, during the second and third crop seasons.
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    Risk diversification through taro (Colocasia esculenta) cultivation in areas prone to floods and water logging, Bangladesh 2012
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    The objective of latiraj kachu cultivation is to enable small farmers to grow crops even during flooding season on seasonally flooded land, and to enhance diet diversification and food security of households during a period of the year characterized by food scarcity. This practice describes the conditions under which latiraj kachu can be cultivated.
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    Emergency Assistance to Restore Food Security and Enhance Food Production and Resilience in Typhoon Affected Communities in Lanao del Norte (Region X) and Lanao del Sur (BARMM), Mindanao - TCP/PHI/3701 2020
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    The Philippines is one of the most vulnerable countries to natural disasters An average of 20 typhoons affect the country ever year, some of which result in significant damage On 22 December 2017 Severe Tropical Storm ( Tembin made landfall in the Cateel municipality of the Davao Oriental province, and it proceeded to cross other provinces in Northern Mindanao and Palawan The storm intensified into a typhoon the following day Overall, it caused flooding in over 230 areas in various regions, as well as flash floods and landslides, and it displaced more than 300 000 individuals. Most of the areas affected by STS Tembin were highly dependent on agriculture (various crops, poultry, livestock and fisheries) The storm destroyed crops and killed livestock, causing humanitarian and economic crises for 158 923 families The DA reported a loss of USD 4 7 million (Philippine Peso [ 234 907 912 in the agricultural sector Rice and corn were the crops that were hit hardest, with rice accounting for 58 percent of the total loss and corn accounting for 39 percent Two of the areas affected by STS Tembin were Lanao del Norte, located in Region X, also known as Northern Mindanao, and Lanao del Sur, located in the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao ( These regions were home to many smallholder farmers whose livelihoods and food security were at risk These areas also contained evacuation centres and host communities for displaced people who had been forced out of their homes by the Marawi conflict in 2017 The STS Tembin further aggravated the living conditions and jeopardized the livelihoods of these people The project provided emergency support to promote the restoration of the livelihoods of 1 970 farming households, or 9 850 people in the Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur provinces Without this emergency support, farmers in those areas risked missing the cropping season, which is critical for both food security and ensuring seasonal income sources The emergency support consisted of the provision of seeds and fertilizers, as well as capacity building activities for local government officials and representatives The topics of these training sessions focused on resilient rice based farming systems, Disaster Risk Reduction and Management ( Early Warning Early Action ( and cash based transfers for vulnerability reduction and disaster response.

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