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Engaging cities in sustainable and inclusive agrifood systems transformation in the Near East and North Africa region - AGENDA

8-9 November 2023









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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Cities and local governments at the forefront in building inclusive and resilient food systems
    Key results from the FAO Survey “Urban Food Systems and COVID-19", Revised version
    2020
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    The COVID-19 pandemic is disrupting urban food systems worldwide, affecting the food security and nutrition of urban populations. With up to 70% of the global food supply destined for urban consumption, the disruption of urban food systems has particularly affected the food distribution and the food retail sectors. The management of the crisis by city and local governments can therefore play a major role in preventing the spread of the virus and, at the same time, in mitigating the disruptions in their food systems and any negative effects on vulnerable populations. It was consequently deemed very important for FAO to map the municipal responses to the emergency, and to analyze progress and setbacks in managing disruptions in the urban food systems and related implications for food security and nutrition. Such understanding will strengthen the evidence-base on which countries will build policies and programmes dealing with the crisis and its effects. It will also provide valuable information on how to strengthen the performance and resilience of urban food systems. In an effort to better understand how city and local governments faced the challenges of food systems disruptions associated with COVID-19, information was collected through a survey of relevant stakeholders. The survey questionnaire was administered between April and May 2020 . 860 urban actors returned the completed questionnaire, 56% of which were members of local governments while the rest of the respondents were members of academic institutions, non-governmental organizations and national governments.
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    City Region Food System Situational Analysis. Colombo, Sri Lanka FAO - Food for the Cities Programme
    Working Document
    2016
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    City region food systems (CRFS) encompass the complex network of actors, processes and relationships involved in food production, processing, marketing and consumption in a given geographical region. The CRFS approach advocates for strengthened connectivity between urban centres and surrounding areas –whether peri-urban or rural– for a fair rural development and well-managed urbanisation. At the same time, it fosters the development of resilient and sustainable food systems, smallholder agricult ure, sustainable rural and urban production, employment, improved livelihoods, and food and nutrition security for all. This report describes the first phase of the city region food system (CRFS) assessment. This phase consists of a descriptive assessment and appraisal of the local context and CRFS, primarily based on the analysis of secondary data, stakeholder interviews and consultations. It provides an overview and description of the local context (including the political and institutiona l environment) and its CRFS. It includes a definition of the geographical boundaries of the CRFS, an overview of its overall structure and characteristics, an analysis of how it functions, stock of baseline information and identified gaps, and, to the extent possible, an indication of general trends and critical issues relevant to increase the sustainability and resilience of the specific CRFS. These key issues will be further examined in the next project phases: in-depth assessment and policy planning phases. The situation analysis builds on secondary data. Secondary data includes information from spatial datasets, statistics, studies, institutional, policy and legal frameworks, and information obtained from local expert knowledge through stakeholder consultations, focus-group discussions and interviews. The Colombo Municipal Council, CMC, is the oldest local authority in Sri Lanka, which celebrated its 150th anniversary this year. Historically Colombo city has been the main c ommercial city in Sri Lanka; however recently accelerated modernization efforts have changed the traditional outlook of Colombo municipality. During recent years, Colombo city was heavily invested for its infrastructure development to make the city an urban tourist attraction. Because of the recent developments, Colombo city was ranked as the number one fast growing city in the world in 2015. Align with this modernization, more and more people are attracted to Colombo city and its peri-urban are as for living and as well as for business. According to latest census statistics, there are 2,324,349 people living in Colombo district with a population density of 3438, which is the highest in the country. Remarkably, from the country’s population, one tenth reside in Colombo district. Population in CMC and the population density are 0.65 m, 15000-18000 per sq. km respectively. Further, this population has a complex diversity with respect to their age, ethnic, religious, and income level compo sitions. Therefore, Colombo city probably has one of the diverse and complex food systems in Sri Lanka, which requires vastly different types of foods to feed the large population in a small and congested city. Conversely, there is hardly any agricultural farming and food production in CMC limits, which has created multiple dependencies to food system of the city.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Urban Food Policy Assistance
    Supporting national and local governments to design urban food policy and attract investment
    2019
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    The complexity of urbanization and food-system sustainability means national policies, sub-national and city-level strategies, plans and actions need to be more coherent to have impact. Currently, the majority of national and city-level urban policies do not adequately address food-system and nutritional issues, nor do policies in food security and nutrition address urban issues. There is a clear need to ensure adequate coordination between the various levels of government and institutions involved in urban food-policy development. National Urban Policies provide an opportunity to integrate food systems and natural-resource management into national development policy frameworks and take a major step towards the 2030 Agenda. Inclusive food governance mechanisms, such as food policy councils, and the development of integrated and evidence-based food plans and actions are crucial strategies that municipal decision-makers could use to integrate food systems into the urban development policy processes. This programme will help mainstream sustainable food systems and nutrition into the formulation and implementation of urban policies, fostering leadership at local level and promoting innovative synergies between local and national authorities, civil-society organizations, the private sector, academic institutions and other participants.

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