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GIEWS Update - The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Dire food insecurity situation in northern areas due to conflict












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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Northern Ethiopia | Urgent call for assistance
    Tigray, Afar, Amhara
    2021
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    Northern Ethiopia is experiencing one of world's worst food crises. As of June 2021, about 5.5 million people in Afar, Amhara and Tigray are in high acute food insecurity, representing nearly 61 percent of the analyzed population. Of these, 353 000 people are in Catastrophe level of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 5) in Tigray alone, the highest numbers recorded in the last decade. Since November 2020, when the conflict erupted, 1.7 million people have been displaced across Tigray and into neighbouring regions. The conflict commenced at the peak of the main agricultural season (Meher) harvest period when many households had not yet harvested their crops. It is estimated over 90 percent of the crop harvest was lost (looted, burned and/or destroyed) and 15 percent of the region’s 17 million livestock were reported looted or slaughtered. Given that the majority of households depend on subsistence agriculture, the loss of their harvest and production inputs has had a devastating impact on their food security and nutrition – 2 million people require urgent livelihood assistance. In response to the dire situation, FAO has already reprogrammed USD 2 million to immediately support agropastoral and pastoral households with seeds and livestock vaccination and treatment, but more needs to be done. FAO has developed a response plan and requires USD 30 million to assist 1.4 million people in need through December 2021. A worsening crisis can be prevented if action is taken now at scale to provide vulnerable communities in northern Ethiopia with vital livelihood assistance.
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    Project
    Ethiopia: Project Highlights - OSRO/ETH/211/USA 2023
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    Agriculture and livelihood interventions were urgently required to restart food production. Following the conflict in Tigray, the Tigray Bureau of Agriculture estimated that damage incurred in the agriculture sector alone was ETB 120 billion (about USD 2 billion). The protracted conflict affected about 1.1 million households dependent on agriculture for livelihoods, income and food security. This scenario had far-reaching food security consequences, with an Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis released in June 2021 indicating that approximately 5.5 million people in Tigray and neighbouring conflict-affected areas of Afar and Amhara regions were facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse levels of acute food insecurity and required emergency assistance to meet their basic needs. In response, the project carried out the targeted distribution of agricultural inputs (fertilizer and seeds), as well as the provision of trainings on fertilizer application and handling, good agronomic practices, and post-harvest handling. The project successfully reached 283 747 conflict-affected households (approximately 1 418 735 people), of whom 121 481 were headed by women (42 percent). The total households reached represent 82 percent of the planned target of 344 000 households.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Northern Ethiopia | Situation overview – November 2021
    Tigray, Afar and Amhara
    2021
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    Northern Ethiopia is experiencing one of world's worst food crises. The escalation of conflict in Tigray, Afar, and Amhara is once again occurring at the peak of the main agricultural season (Meher) harvest period. This is hindering harvesting in some areas and, with 80 percent of the population reliant on agriculture for their food and income, further compromising an already extremely fragile food security situation. The emergency response is facing a combination of constraints; one such limitation is the significant funding shortfalls particularly affecting livelihood assistance. This document provides an overview of the humanitarian situation and an update on FAO's response to the ongoing crisis. The benefits of investing in agriculture, even in times of conflict, are visible in Tigray: the food security and nutrition of households benefiting from agricultural support have increased. Investing in agriculture improves households’ self‑reliance and reduces the need for prolonged humanitarian support. We must scale up sustainable agricultural assistance.

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