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Assessment on the Right to Food in the ECOWAS region








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    Document
    The Current Status of the Right to Adequate Food in Food Security and Nutrition Policy Designs
    Right to Food Thematic Study 1.
    2014
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    This Thematic Study reviewed the existing food security and nutrition (FSN) policy documents to determine the extent to which the designs of these policies have right to food underpinnings. Even after the Right to Food Guidelines were endorsed by most countries the right to food underpinnings of the FSN policy designs, with notable exceptions, tend to be weak. This tends to be true more for FSN policies in Africa and Asia, even though a few exceptions there can be found. Current FSN policies in Latin America and the Caribbean have the right to food more firmly integrated in their designs, in some cases with transformative qualities with respect to the right to food. A more complete assessment study should identify the facilitating or limiting factors that help explain these inter-regional differences. Currently more examples of FSN policy designs that have some right to food underpinnings may be found as compared to prior to 2005. FSN policies increasingly include guiding principle s for policy implementation that are in part human rights-based. Participation and gender equality are often included. However, what is missing in the policy designs are specific actions to ensure that the conditions exist for the implementation of these principles. In order to strengthen the right to adequate food underpinnings of future FSN policy designs national governments should be encouraged to formulate food security and nutrition policies that are in line with the state obligation to f acilitate the progressive realization of the right to adequate food. National governments should review and periodically update the design of existing FNS policies with the objective to turn these policies into effective instruments that contribute to the protection and realization of the right to adequate food. With the aim of strengthening the right to food underpinnings of FSN policy designs, a complete right to food assessment should be undertaken, which covers an analysis of the FSN situati on, as well as the legal, policy and institutional frameworks relevant to the right to food, to ensure that the right to food contents of FSN policies are evidence-based. The FSN situation analysis needs to focus more on identifying and characterizing the most vulnerable groups and on drawing out the structural inequities in FSN outcomes. Greater and more effective participation in the formulation (and implementation) of FSN policies by the human rights community, specifically any human rights i nstitution that may exist as well as civil society organizations that focus on human rights, should contribute to strengthening the right to food underpinnings of FSN policies.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    The Right to Food in the CARICOM Region - An Assessment Report
    Right to Food Study
    2013
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    This publication presents coherent and systematic information and analysis about: the current food and nutrition security situation in the CARICOM Region and in CARICOM Member States, and the relevant legal, policy and institutional environments in the Region with respect to the protection and realization of the right to food. The assessment consists of four parts: (a) an analysis of the current food and nutrition security situation and recent trends, focusing on identifying structural inequi ties with respect to the protection and realization of the right to food, (b) an analysis of the legal environment for the right to food with reference to international law obligations, constitutional provisions, relevant domestic legislation and human rights institutions in CARICOM Member States, (c) an inventory of regional policies that relate to the right to food, and (d) an inventory of governmental institutions and non-governmental organizations with mandates and activities related to the protection and realization of the right to food. The intended uses of the findings and conclusions of the assessment are: • Identify cross-cutting actions to strengthen the right to food underpinnings of regional and national food and nutrition security policies and action plans; • Provide CARICOM Member States with key elements to conduct right to food assessments; • Provide regional and national civil society organizations with relevant information to aid their participation in foo d and nutrition security policy formulation and to contribute to the adherence of right to food principles; • Provide FAO staff with relevant knowledge and information to increase the effectiveness and relevance of policy assistance offered to CARICOM and its Member States.
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    Document
    Cluster evaluation of two right to food projects - Annexes
    Err:509
    2015
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    The right to food has been recognized as a human right since the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, in numerous binding and nonbinding legal instruments, notably Article 11 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). However, guidance on its implementation was not available until 2004 when, after two years of negotiations under the umbrella of FAO, Member States adopted the “Voluntary Guidelines to Support the Progressive Realization of the Right t o Adequate Food in the Context of National Food Security” (RtFG), the only intergovernmental text clarifying the concrete measures that States should take to implement the human right to adequate food. Since then, FAO’s Right to Food team has supported the implementation of the guidelines as one of the most authoritative and complete guiding documents available for building a sound, national human rights-based food security and nutrition (FSN) framework. Over the years, FAO has been promoting th e Guidelines through dedicated staff (the Right to Food Team in ESA, legal officer in LEG and staff in decentralized offices), the delivery of policy assistance to States and the publication of a number of studies and a toolkit. Operationally, the Right to Food Team conducted a number of specific operational projects at regional and country levels.

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