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Development of criteria and indicators for sustainable mangrove forest management: Experiences in three mangrove ecosystems in the Philippines

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022









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    Article
    Conservation of green blue carbon ecosystem: Local perceptions and awareness on mangrove forest
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Management of blue carbon ecosystems including mangrove and seagrass beds is necessary to reduce the global carbon emissions and mitigate the impacts of climate change, in addition to the managements of terrestrial forest ecosystem. The scheme of the REDD+, which is Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation, plus the sustainable management of forests, and the conservation and enhancement of forest carbon stocks, has been used for the managements of different types of forests and related ecosystems. The concepts of REDD+ can be applied for the blue carbon ecosystems. In recent academic literatures, the discussion of the application of REDD+ is increasing, considering the characteristics of the management of blue carbon ecosystems. The management of blue carbon ecosystems need the various stakeholders’ collaboration, because they are in the border of different ecosystems including terrestrial and coastal ones, where different types of livelihoods and industries co-exist. To identify the status of discussions of REDD+ for blue carbon ecosystems, literature review on REDD+ and blue carbon ecosystem management was conducted by using quantitative text mining approaches. Regarding the local perceptions and awareness on mangrove forest, a case study in the Philippines was conducted. In concrete terms, household surveys to the locals in Eastern Samar were implemented to identify their perceptions and awareness. The analysis result can contribute to science-policy interface by providing the following information; resource utilization, level of awareness on ecosystem services and existing management plans, and perceptions on natural and anthropogenic threats. It reveals that social demography and level of awareness of the locals are factors which influence status of utilization of mangrove ecosystem services. Those result can be used as an evidence of policy making and facilitate the application of conservation schemes considering the local context of the study site. Keywords: blue carbon ecosystems; REDD+; perceptions; local stakeholders; conservation ID: 3486787
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    Article
    Criteria and Indicators framework to measure the sustainability of forest resources in India and their contribution to SDGs and GFGs
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    With the adoption of sustainable development as Agenda 21 at the Earth Summit (1992), the global community reaffirmed its commitment to sustainable development at the World Summit on Social Development in Copenhagen in 1995, the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002, and at Rio + 20 in 2012. The outcome at Rio+20 was documented as “The Future We Want" into a set of SDGs (Sustainable development Goals) also known as the Agenda 2030 (2012). The efforts were also made to integrate the sustainable development goals into sustainable management of the world’s forests at the United Nations Forum on Forest (UNFF). These efforts fructified into the UN General Assembly in 2017 adopting a set of six Global Forest Goals (GFGs) and 26 associated targets to be achieved by 2030. Considering the Criteria & Indicators as a potent tool, the country’s across the world committed themselves to realize these global goals through the adoption of criteria and indicators’ approach for the management of their forest resources. In this process eleven regional and international initiatives have emerged, one of these is Regional Initiative for Dry Forests in Asia (also known as Bhopal- India Process). India developed its national set of C&I into 8 criteria and 37 indicators. These were then adopted and integrated into its national forest planning process at Forest Management Unit (FMU) level through National Working Plan Code (NWPC) 2014. Following the adoption of NWPC, the country needs to create a system of national monitoring and evaluation. The proposed paper is an attempt to evolve a set of applicable indicators along-with baseline value for periodic assessment. A comparison of the observed values of the identified indicators against the baseline would help understand the change in the forestry conditions and provide a framework for interpretation, measuring, and monitoring the sustainability of forest resources and their contribution to achieving SDGs and GFGs. Keywords: Criteria and indicator, Bhopal-India Process, Sustainable Forest Management ID:3486849
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Mangrove carbon estimator and monitoring guide 2016
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    Mangroves exist in the inter-tidal zone of sheltered tropical and subtropical coasts, and in Southeast Asia are home to 42 tree and shrub species found nowhere else (Giesen et al. 2006). These ‘true mangrove species’ and other associate species are adapted to marine and brackish conditions, and are capable of sequestering and storing large amounts of atmospheric carbon dioxide. This guide outlines a simple, low-cost methodology for measuring mangrove carbon stocks and monitoring mangroves in def ined project areas. The methodology for measuring mangrove carbon stocks was designed in collaboration with Yale University and was published in PLOS ONE journal in January 2017<.i>. This is the third in a series of four publications intended to be used in conjunction in establishing sustainable financing for mangrove protection in Asia. The titles and links of the four publications are as follows: :

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