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Developing a sustainable small-scale aquaculture in Mauritian lagoons









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    Book (series)
    Agroprocessing pilot project in Rodrigues as a means for alternative economic activities in SEMPA
    GCP/RAF/466/EC SmartFish Project
    2012
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    Within the framework of SmartFish Result 5, (output 5M3.2 ‘support livelihood diversification and resilience in selected fishing communities’, and activity 5M3.2.1 ‘selected projects are supported by the country project on diversification initiatives and improved resilience in fishing communities’), the aim of the project is to carry out a livelihood diversification pilot project on the island of Rodrigues. The main aims of this project include: Section 1 – Situational analysis of the proposed p ilot project  Assess key products available in the market, supply capacity and current quality standards (sample collections);  Potential for expansion of key products and for improvements in quality;  Feasibility of geographical identification and/or organic labelling, as well as traceability and food safety aspects;  Implementation of capacity and accountability of the two operating partners proposed by the Rodrigues Regional Assembly for project implementation;  The specific involvement, roles and responsibilities of the Rodrigues Regional Assembly and of the Rodrigues Marketing Company Limited in planned interventions;  Level of motivation and knowledge base of the proposed target beneficiaries. Section 2 – Market identification study for Mauritius  Identify both quality and quantity requirements of Rodriguan agro-processed products for the Mauritius market or for re-export;  Provide a list of potential buyers and/or exporters interested in potential export niche markets, w ith contact details, respective quality and quantity requirements (including packaging preferences) and purchasing prices;  Assess potential expansion of the market through an investor potentially interested in larger quantities/productions;  Assess the possibility of an increase in the purchase price for selected products with respect to an increase in quality standards and certifications provided, providing a cost-benefit analysis. Section 3 - Contribute to the finalization of the proposal f or financing with the service provider or target groups in accordance with the findings of the market study. The assignment contributed to the following four outcomes of the pilot project: Output 1: Redundant fisherwomen cooperative networks of SEMPA established, empowered and fully operational;  4 Output 2: Quality standards for five selected exotic Rodriguan agro-products raised and standardized to be in line with market requisites; Output 3: Awareness created on food safety and good hygien e practices; Output 4: Market development enhanced for the five selected key Rodriguan agro- products. in August 2012, following this assignment, a Letter of Agreement was signed between SmartFish/FAO and the Deputy Chief Commissioner’s Office of the Rodrigues Regional Assembly, for the implementation of an “Agro-processing as a Sustainable Alternative Livelihoods in SEMPA – Pilot Project” with a total cost of US $40,000. The assignment has resulted in the set up of three permanent selling outle ts at prime commercial locations in Mauritius for selected exotic agro-products from Rodrigues through a cooperative collaboration with the Mauritius Fishermen Cooperatives Federation and the Mauritius Consumers Cooperatives Federation. The Mauritius Marketing Board, the national leader in marketing and distribution of farm and agro-processed products in Mauritius, is willing to collaborate with wholesale suppliers in Rodrigues on mutually sustainable and flexible commercial terms. Networking wi th other public, private and civil society stakeholders will also have a positive impact on project outcomes.
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    Book (series)
    Aquaculture needs assessment mission report. Nairobi, Kenya
    GCP/RAF/466/EC SmartFish Project
    2013
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    The Aquaculture Needs Assessment of Kenya was jointly organized by the Government of Kenya and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), under the framework of the project GCP/RAF/466/EC “Implementation of a Regional Fisheries Strategy for the Eastern and Southern Africa and Indian Ocean Region”, otherwise known as SmartFish. SmartFish is funded by the European Union (EU) through the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) and co-implemented by the FAO. The needs assessment is one of the activities being implemented under Result 5M3.1 Sustainable Aquaculture Development Promotion, which responds to African countries’ desire to contribute their efforts to transform aquaculture from a non-viable, subsistence and public sector driven economy, to a resourceful, vibrant, private sector led sustainable enterprise. The needs assessment was carried out at specific sites in the western part of the country. The study involved: a desk review for the purpose of having background inf ormation about the sector; the site selection of study areas for the mission; the development of assessment tools and approach, ensuring FAO approval for their use; the execution of field assessments in the selected sites; and the production of this report. This report outlines the training needs and a training delivery plan; legal registration and networking recommendations; input requirements; as well as a distribution plan and costing. The desk review was done in the last week of June 2013. A field mission in Western Kenya was conducted over three weeks in August 2013. Report writing took three weeks in September 2013. The report was submitted in the third week of October 2013. Training of fish farmer groups, and provision of equipment and inputs to these groups, is scheduled for January and February 2014. This needs assessment focused on training and inputs, such as equipment and materials that are required by fish farmer groups. The assessment took place with fish farmer groups in Kisii, Kakamega, Homa Bay, Vihiga, Siaya, and Busia counties in Western Kenya. The training modules identified include: Best Management Practices (BMPs); group cohesion and development; aqua-business skills; marketing; record and book keeping; and efficient production technologies. Equipment needs include: deep freezers; sampling and harvesting nets; secchi disks; cool boxes; harvesting baskets; hapa nets; and weighing scales. From the study it is anticipated that the end point of the selected beneficiary clusters should be stand-alone, self-sufficient market structures that offer investors the best prices for inputs and products. It is also anticipated that once this end point is reached, the fish farm clusters should serve as the nuclei in an effort to expand market clusters to other small and medium enterprise investors across the country, and the region at large. The purpose was to assess the needs for aquaculture production and marketing in selected fish farmer organizations, so as to guide the support and investment choices for enhancement for sustainable aquaculture productivity and profitability in Western Kenya.  5 Recommendations include the following:  The groups to benefit from capacity building and provision of equipment include: Central Kakamega Aquaculture Cooperative; Muungano Fish Farmers (Bidii Fish Farmers and Yala Fish Farmers Cluster); Tilapia Fish Farmers Group; Wangchieng Fish Farmers Cluster; and the Butula Fish Farmers Cooperative;  The groups s hould be strengthened through training on group cohesion and market linkages;  Documentation of the work in the form of a video documentary should be undertaken to serve as a training tool. The aim is to develop long-term market linkages that optimize profits for group members.
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    Artisanal fisheries income diversification study: eco-tourism and recreational fisheries 2012
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    1. The income diversification study focusing on eco-tourism and recreational fisheries was completed between December 2011 and March 2012. 2. The consultant, Mr Simon Diffey, visited four case-study countries in the ESA-IO regionduring December 2011 and January 2012 - Pemba Island, Zanzibar; Lake Kariba, Zimbabwe; Ile Sainte Marie, Madagascar and Rodrigues Island, Mauritius. 3. The state of the recreational fishery and aquatic related ecotourism industry is highly variable in the countries visit ed – from emerging in Pemba Island to highly developed (but in recent years under-utilised) on Lake Kariba. 4. Ile Sainte Marie and Rodrigues Island have a generally well developed tourism sector with potential for developing more marine/fisheries related eco-tourism. 5. The study concludes that there is a general lack of readily available data (in-country) on the value of and participation in recreational fisheries and associated aquatic related eco-tourism activities. Economic research on the value of some of these eco-tourism related industries is recommended to help inform the policy decision making process and improve sector governance. 6. Landings in the artisanal sector are generally in decline due to over-fishing with limited control in most countries visited. There is therefore need for fisheries MCS capacity building within the artisanal sector in all of the countries visited. Support for strengthening community based enforcement is recommended. 7. Further research is needed on the use of FADs (and artificial reefs) to potentially move artisanal fishing effort offshore and support recreational fisheries development. 8. Both Pemba Island and Ile Sainte Marie are in need for FADs. Lessons can be learnt from existing FAD operations around Rodrigues Island. 9. There is a need for awareness-raising of environmental issues amongst the fisher communities. This is particularly the case when introducing new technology or techniques to fishing communities. 10. Future project interventions should be sensitive to the involvement of women in fisheries and the cultural norms that can be expected in each country. 11. Sector study research is needed to improve development planning and governance issues. The recent VCA work completed on Rodrigues Island should be repeated in other areas of the region. 12. The study recommends supporting existing eco-tourism related projects or projects already conceived but not yet funded (rather than conceiving new projects) 13. Five proj ect concept notes are recommended for funding: • A socio-economic project on Pemba Island (provisional budget €13,259) • Two EIAs for aquaculture projects on Lake Kariba (€10,086 and €5,827 respectively) • A sport fishery economic research project on Lake Kariba (€6,595) • An agro-tourism project on Ile Sainte Marie, which has potential to include marine eco-tourism related activities (€16,210) 14. Outline ToR has been prepared for an economic research consultancy focusing on the whale-watching industry around Ile Sainte Marie (28 person-days of input) and for a fisheries eco-tourism capacity building (business planning) input on Rodrigues Island (22 person-days of input). 15. The proposed economic research on the Lake Kariba sport fishery could be broadened and a VCA for the whole sector prepared. Alternativelythe research on the economics of the sport fishery could be combined with the proposed valuation of the whale-watching industry (on Ile Sainte Marie). 16. A detailed alternative livelihoods action plan has been prepared for the SEMPA region on Rodrigues Island. There are some short term priority objectives within this action plan that the SmartFish Programme could support. 17. A one-year alternative livelihoods project proposal has been prepared for the SEMPA region on Rodrigues Island and submitted to GEF for funding (total project costs €43,537 of which the funding requested was €35,521). Funding for this project should be considered if this project has not yet been launched. 18. Linkages to the MCS and governance components of the SmartFish Programme were identified which merit further investigation.

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