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Expert Meeting on Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation. FAO Headquarters, Rome, 5-7 March 2008. Options for Decision Makers








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    Climate Change Adapatation and Mitigation in the Food and Agriculture Sector. Technical Background Document from the Expert Consultation Held on 5 to 7 March 2008. FAO, Rome
    HLC/08/BAK/1
    2008
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    Many countries worldwide are facing food crises due to conflict and disasters, while food security is being adversely affected by unprecedented price hikes for basic food, driven by historically low food stocks, high oil prices and growing demand for agro-fuels, and droughts and floods linked to climate change. High international cereal prices have already sparked food riots in several countries. In addition, rural people (who feed the cities) are now, for the first time, less numerous than city dwellers and developing countries are becoming major emitters of greenhouse gases. Many traditional equilibriums are changing, such as those between food crops and energy crops and cultivated lands and rangelands, as is the nature of conflicts in general. These changing equilibriums are, and will be, affected by changing climate, resulting in changed and additional vulnerability patterns.
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    Strengthening Capacity for Climate Adaptation in Lesotho - GCP/LES/049/LDF 2022
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    In many parts of southern Africa, agricultural production is stagnant or in decline, particularly in subsistence and smallholder agriculture. Among the reasons for this are climate variability and climate change, as resource poor farmers are unable to cope with or adapt to climate risks. The Kingdom of Lesotho is considered highly vulnerable to climate challenges. The country is over reliant on rainfed agriculture for food production and has a large poor rural population engaged in subsistence farming. Vulnerability in Lesotho is characterized by fragile and substantially degraded soils, high levels of food insecurity and poverty, and lack of infrastructure, which curtails the ability of the population to deal with increasing climate variability and climate change. The project aimed at reducing vulnerability, increasing adaptive capacity and building resilience at community level against the adverse impacts of climate change in the country. The project was designed to cover the four agro ecological zones of Lesotho, i.e. the lowlands, mountains, foothills and Senqu River Valley. Its specific objectives were to strengthen the implementation of sustainable land and water management (SLM/W) practices, and to promote diversified on and off farm livelihood strategies focused on crops and livestock.
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    Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation
    Final Report October 2015
    2015
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    Climate change poses some of the most serious risks to agricultural production, food security, and the state of the world’s forests, fish stocks and water supply.1 Smallholder producers and the poor in the developing world are particularly vulnerable to the effects of more frequent and intense weather and climate events, thus complicating global efforts to promote long-term development through food security and poverty reduction. Considering the threat that climate change poses, FAO recently sta ted that addressing climate change will be among the Organization's top priorities over the next four years.

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