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EU Transversal support to country implementation - Kenya

Support to the attainment of vision 2030 through devolved land reforms in community lands of Kenya











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    Project
    Support to Community Land Governance for Improved Tenure Security through Enhancing Institutional Capacity at the National and County Levels - TCP/KEN/3705 2020
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    The promotion and enforcement of land ownership rights, in particular community lands, remains a contentious policy issue in Kenya, due in part to legislative and institutional capacity limitations at a decentralized, county level. In turn, this has limited the degree to which land administration and management efforts reach the predominantly pastoralist communities who inhabit Kenya’s arid and semi-arid lands (ASAL). Despite ASAL accounting for over 80 percent of Kenya’s total land area, ASAL communities have showed disproportionately lower human development and higher poverty levels vis-à-vis the national average. In addition, community land in Kenya is mainly managed under customary law frameworks or group ranches, accounting for approximately 70 percent of all land. Coupled with insufficient a land tenure support that is specific to their tenure types, ASAL communities have been marginalized within their own country. With ASAL further characterized by low and erratic rainfall, the need for diversified livelihoods that improve community-based income-generating opportunities is paramount.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    EU Transversal support to country implementation - Uganda
    Improvement of Land Governance in Uganda to increase the productivity of small-scale farmers on Mailo land (ILGU)
    2019
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    Uganda is a landlocked, agriculture-based country with a total land area of 241,559 sq. km out of which 16 percent is occupied by open water. The Ugandan Constitution (1995) provides for four Land Tenure systems mailo (Central Uganda), lease, freehold and customary (mainly in the North of Uganda). To date, 10 percent of the land is formally documented and 80 percent is under customary tenure. The objectives of the EULGP CI are to improve securing secondary land use rights for bona fide and lawful tenants to support agricultural investments with a long-term perspective of reducing poverty and hunger. Implementation of the law for facilitate responsible land governance. Strengthen of the institutional framework through human capital in land-related sections of district and sub-county administrations. Introduce user-friendly information and communication technology for promoting effective procedures for documenting existing land use rights. *EULGP CI stands for European Union Land Governance Programme – Country Implementation
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    Combining nutrition education and rural livelihood support in Kenya
    Trials of Improved Practices (TIPs) and food related interventions in Kitui county
    2021
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    The arid and semi-arid areas (ASALs) of Kenya cover nearly 84 percent of the national land and thus present an enormous potential contribution to national agricultural production as well as basic food and income for farmers residing in these areas. About three in every ten Kenyan children aged below two years are stunted. According to the Kenya Demographic Health Survey conducted in 2014, Kitui county and West Pokot county had the highest stunting rates nationally at almost 46 percent. This is against a national average stunting rate of 26 percent. There have been multiple past projects in Kitui county that aimed at improving food security and nutrition, including through the promotion of exclusive breastfeeding, growth monitoring, immunization, complementary feeding and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH). The United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Increasing Smallholder Productivity and Profitability (ISPP) project, implemented between September 2016 and March 2020, was designed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to combine nutrition education with rural livelihood support. This approach aimed at strengthening the capacity of smallholder farmers in agricultural production, water management, and farming as a business. Furthermore, it aimed at improving nutrition outcomes of targeted household members in the semi-arid counties of Kitui, Machakos, Makueni, Taita-Taveta, and Tharaka-Nithi. The project had a specific component on Trials of Improved Practices (TIPs), aimed at improving infant and young child feeding practices.

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