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Resilience analysis in the Triangle of Hope (Mauritania): a policy brief










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    Book (stand-alone)
    Resilience analysis in the Triangle of Hope, Mauritania 2015 2016
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    This report is part of a series of country level analyses prepared by the FAO Resilience Analysis and Policies (RAP) Team. The series aims at providing programming and policy guidance to policy makers, practitioners, UN agencies, NGO and other stakeholders by identifying the key factors that contribute to the resilience of households in food insecure countries and regions. The analysis is largely based on the use of the FAO Resilience Index Measurement and Analysis (RIMA) tool. Findings are inte grated with other more traditional measures of poverty and food insecurity. This report aims to identify the key pillars of resilience and related contributing factors at the household level using the FAO Resilience Index Measurement and Analysis II (RIMA-II) methodology. The pillars of resilience considered in this analysis are Access to Basic Services (ABS), Assets (AST), Social Safety Nets (SSN) and Adaptive Capacity (AC), based on consultations with ONS and other local experts, literatur e review and previous analyses (FAO, 2016c). The second part of RIMA-II explores the role of shocks in explaining resilience capacity and describes the association between factors that contribute to resilience and food security. The final aim is to compare the findings of the resilience analysis with some of the key policies put in place or programmed by the Government of Mauritania, with a specific focus on the regions analysed here. This analysis can therefore be used to critically review poli cies that affect resilience, which have already been implemented or are set to be implemented.
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    Policy brief
    Triangle de l’espoir 2015 (Mauritanie): synthèse 2016
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    La Mauritanie, située dans la région du Sahel africain, est un pays majoritairement désertique ou semi-désertique. Malgré les progrès récemment observés sur le plan socioéconomique, la Mauritanie continue d’occuper la 156e place sur les 188 pays classifiés dans l’Indice du développement humain en 2014. Les écarts régionaux entre le Triangle de l'espoir et le reste de la Mauritanie sont le point de départ de cette analyse de la résilience. L’expression «Triangle de l'espoir» désigne les régions d e la Mauritanie les plus gravement touchées par l’insécurité alimentaire et les plus vulnérables aux crises. L'analyse de la résilience dans le Triangle de l'espoir sert de base à la formulation de recommandations pour planifier des interventions de politique. La note présentée ici est un pas en avant dans cette direction: on y récapitule les indications de politique présentées dans le rapport; ces indications visent à aider le gouvernement de la Mauritanie et les décideurs dans l’adoption de me sures pertinentes; le but est de contribuer à la formation d’un cadre pour les initiatives humanitaires et de développement à long terme visant à la construction de moyens d’existence résilients garantissant la sécurité alimentaire.
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    Project
    Enhanced Crossboundary Water Resource Management in the Senegal River Basin - TCP/INT/3602 2020
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    Livelihoods across a large portion of sub-Saharan Africa are dependent upon rainfed agriculture, with only a small percentage of arable land benefiting from irrigation. Agricultural growth has been constrained by the pressures placed on land through rapid population growth,migration, displacement caused by localized conflict, pricevolatility, desertification and flooding, among otherfactors. With land and water resources dwindling through erosion and rising demand for food, forage, timber and water, poverty has become generalized, in particular inrural areas. The Senegal River Basin represents Guinea, Mali, Mauritania and Senegal. Poverty in this region remains high, with the quality of life among the lowest on the continent. The Human Development Index (HDI) scoresfor each of the four countries put them in the bottom 25 percent of global rankings. The initiatives carried out by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) at national and regional levels, together with the river basin-level activities conducted by the OMVS, helped to strengthen resilience to drought and climate uncertainty among the population living in the Senegal River Basin, as well as improving livelihoods. The OMVS provides a positive example ofthe equitable sharing of water resources, through the development and management activities carried out by countries forming part of a cross-border river basin. The aim of the present project was to strengthen these efforts.

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