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Emergency Assistance to Restore and Improve Food and Nutrition Security of the Disaster-Affected Households in North, South and West Darfur States - TCP/SUD/3704









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    Fuel-efficient mud stoves in Darfur, Sudan 2016
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    The protracted conflict since 2003 in Darfur, Sudan has resulted in massive loss of human lives and assets, disrupted livelihoods and led to severe food insecurity in some areas. As of December 2015, more than 2.6 million people are currently displaced in Darfur – approximately 42 per cent of the total population. Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) and their host communities have limited livelihood options and often rely on unsustainable coping strategies, such as the unmanaged cutting of trees and shrubs for fuelwood and charcoal production. This places an additional burden on Darfur’s fragile ecosystem. Fuel-efficient stoves (FES) can make an important contribution in refugee and IDP camps, but also in other areas with high population density and scarce natural resources.
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    EU Transversal support to country implementation - The Sudan
    Promoting the Provision of Legitimate Land Tenure Rights Using VGGT in the Context of National Food Security for conflict-displaced communities, including small‐scale rural farmers, pastoralists, and IDPs in the Greater Darfur region of the Sudan
    2019
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    The economy of Greater Darfur is heavily reliant on farming and livestock keeping, with more than 70 percent of the population relying on traditional and subsistence agriculture, the majority of whom are dependent on rain fed agriculture and pasture for both crop and livestock production. On-going conflict in Darfur leads to problems with law and order and displacement of rural farmers, and a change in migration patterns of nomadic pastoralists. Under the current state, neither the government or customary institutions, nor any other actors alone is able to bring a solution to the complex realities of land tenure governance in Darfur. The EULGP CI aims to support the Government of the Sudan in reforming its land laws to develop practical solutions to secure access to and use of cropland, livestock routes, range and pastures including the provision of adequate and practical dispute resolution mechanisms. The intervention also aims to assist state and locality level stakeholders to promote the provision for legitimate land tenure rights to conflict displaced communities including small‐scale rural farmers, pastoralists and IDPs in the Darfur region. *EULGP CI stands for European Union Land Governance Programme – Country Implementation
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    Project
    Strengthening non-State Mechanisms for Land Tenure in Darfur to Achieve Peaceful and Sustainable Development - GCP/SUD/074/EC 2022
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    Land ownership and rights to tenure and utilization of resources have been at the core of conflict in Darfur for decades. The formalization of the land laws in the 1970s, in which all unregistered land became the property of the state, ignored the traditional systems in place for centuries and weakened the native administration that governed land use. The violent conflict that arose in 2003 displaced a large number of rural communities and the newly vacated land was often occupied, and in places resettled, by nomadic groups. The subsequent peace deals, both the Darfur Peace Agreement and the subsequent Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, recognized the importance of not only returning the land to the original owners, but of developing a system of land tenure that secures the land use for future generations in an equitable manner. Such a system should acknowledge and incorporate the informal traditions within the formal registration system. Against this background, this European Union funded FAO project aimed to strengthen non state mechanisms for land tenure to achieve peaceful and sustainable development, and to support the Government of Sudan to reform its land laws to develop practical solutions to secure access to crop land and livestock routes, among others.

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