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Improving Rice Productivity in Bhutan to Enhance Rice Self-Sufficiency - TCP/BHU/3602









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    Geographic determinants of rice self-sufficiency in Southeast Asia 2013
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    Rice self-sufficiency is a key objective of most Asian governments, yet attaining that objective has been elusive for several countries over extended periods of time; long-term status as an exporter or importer is relatively constant, and is altered only by revolutionary events (i.e., major changes in policy or technologies). Traditional rice importers tend to eat less rice (and more wheat) than traditional exporters, so the determining factors behind rice self-sufficiency must lie on the supply side. This paper finds that the main determinant of (per capita) rice production is not rice yield per hectare, but rather the amount of per capita rice area harvested, which in turn is determined largely by the proportion of land that is well-suited for growing rice. Thus, countries with ample (per capita) supplies of water and flat land (i.e. those with dominant river deltas on the mainland) are self-sufficient in rice, and countries with more varied landscapes are not.
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    Rice self-sufficiency in Rwanda: policies to ensure it does not remain an elusive goal
    FAO Agricultural Development Economics Policy Brief 37
    2021
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    This policy brief presents a snapshot review of how key policies have affected rice in Rwanda in the run up to the Government of Rwanda’s target to become self-sufficient in rice by 2018, while at the same time boosting the commodity’s competitiveness in local and regional markets. The brief looks at how trade and domestic policies in place have supported and incentivized rice production, why achievement of the self-sufficiency goal by 2018 has however been extremely challenging and how trade barriers (i.e. import tariffs, established to protect the domestic market are likely to impact both the production and consumption of rice in the country) in a scenario of sustained imports growth and production deficit. Finally, the brief underlines three key policy actions that would help to improve the welfare of domestic rice consumers, to boost demand for local rice in the domestic market against imported rice varieties, and to develop a more efficient and productive sector that could even boost exports of local rice to emerging regional markets.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Rice land area as an indicator for food security in eastern Bhutan (2022) 2023
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    Information on rice land area is required to monitor food security indicators and provide information on access to water, rice cropping intensities and more. Rice land extent for eastern Bhutan was mapped by training a machine learning model and classifying satellite imageries (Planet, Sentinel–1) in GEE. These datasets were prepared in the context of GEF–8 projects. The main aim of the GEF–8 project is to transform rice fields to improve the region's food security.

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