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Climate Change and Food Security: A Framework Document







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    Climate Change and Food Security: A Framework Document. Summary 2007
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    Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries are all sensitive to climate. Therefore their production processes – whether for food, feed, fibre, beverage, energy or industrial crops, or for livestock, poultry, fish or forest products – will be impacted by climate change. In general, impacts in temperate regions are expected to be positive, and those in tropical regions negative, although there is still considerable uncertainty about how projected changes will play out locally, and projected impacts coul d also be altered by adoption of risk management measures and adaptation strategies that strengthen preparedness and resilience.
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    Climate Change Adapatation and Mitigation in the Food and Agriculture Sector. Technical Background Document from the Expert Consultation Held on 5 to 7 March 2008. FAO, Rome
    HLC/08/BAK/1
    2008
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    Many countries worldwide are facing food crises due to conflict and disasters, while food security is being adversely affected by unprecedented price hikes for basic food, driven by historically low food stocks, high oil prices and growing demand for agro-fuels, and droughts and floods linked to climate change. High international cereal prices have already sparked food riots in several countries. In addition, rural people (who feed the cities) are now, for the first time, less numerous than city dwellers and developing countries are becoming major emitters of greenhouse gases. Many traditional equilibriums are changing, such as those between food crops and energy crops and cultivated lands and rangelands, as is the nature of conflicts in general. These changing equilibriums are, and will be, affected by changing climate, resulting in changed and additional vulnerability patterns.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    The impact of climate change on desert locust outbreaks 2024
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    Climate change, particularly global warming, has a significant impact on the geographical distribution of species on Earth. The life cycle of desert locust is highly dependent on weather patterns and conditions. This cycle comprises three stages - eggs, nymphs (hoppers), and adults. Moist sandy soil is essential for incubating desert locusts, and numerous studies demonstrate that rainfall fluctuations significantly influence the number of locust in a particular region. Moreover, the hatching cycle of eggs and the growth cycle of hoppers are shortened with rising temperatures, leading to a faster reproduction rate among populations. Therefore, climate change poses a formidable challenge, as Central regions have experienced changes in climate over the past few years, resulting in increased damage from desert locust. Predictions indicate that the risk of desert locust infestations will continue to rise in the region due to ongoing environmental changes.

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