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Integrating the right to adequate food in national food and nutrition security policies and programmes: practical approaches to policy and programme analysis

Right to food methodological toolbox. Book 6











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    The Current Status of the Right to Adequate Food in Food Security and Nutrition Policy Designs
    Right to Food Thematic Study 1.
    2014
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    This Thematic Study reviewed the existing food security and nutrition (FSN) policy documents to determine the extent to which the designs of these policies have right to food underpinnings. Even after the Right to Food Guidelines were endorsed by most countries the right to food underpinnings of the FSN policy designs, with notable exceptions, tend to be weak. This tends to be true more for FSN policies in Africa and Asia, even though a few exceptions there can be found. Current FSN policies in Latin America and the Caribbean have the right to food more firmly integrated in their designs, in some cases with transformative qualities with respect to the right to food. A more complete assessment study should identify the facilitating or limiting factors that help explain these inter-regional differences. Currently more examples of FSN policy designs that have some right to food underpinnings may be found as compared to prior to 2005. FSN policies increasingly include guiding principle s for policy implementation that are in part human rights-based. Participation and gender equality are often included. However, what is missing in the policy designs are specific actions to ensure that the conditions exist for the implementation of these principles. In order to strengthen the right to adequate food underpinnings of future FSN policy designs national governments should be encouraged to formulate food security and nutrition policies that are in line with the state obligation to f acilitate the progressive realization of the right to adequate food. National governments should review and periodically update the design of existing FNS policies with the objective to turn these policies into effective instruments that contribute to the protection and realization of the right to adequate food. With the aim of strengthening the right to food underpinnings of FSN policy designs, a complete right to food assessment should be undertaken, which covers an analysis of the FSN situati on, as well as the legal, policy and institutional frameworks relevant to the right to food, to ensure that the right to food contents of FSN policies are evidence-based. The FSN situation analysis needs to focus more on identifying and characterizing the most vulnerable groups and on drawing out the structural inequities in FSN outcomes. Greater and more effective participation in the formulation (and implementation) of FSN policies by the human rights community, specifically any human rights i nstitution that may exist as well as civil society organizations that focus on human rights, should contribute to strengthening the right to food underpinnings of FSN policies.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Guidance Note: Integrating the Right to Adequate Food into food and nutrition security programmes 2013
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    This Guidance Note is a practical tool for practitioners who want to integrate the right to food into food and nutrition security programmes. It builds a bridge between the normative dimensions of the right to food and practical work on programme design, implementation and monitoring at country level. This tool does so by briefly explaining the conceptual, legal and operational dimensions of the right to food. Then it looks at four key entry points for integrating the right to food into fo od and nutrition security programmes: roles and responsibilities of stakeholders, legal aspects, monitoring, and recourse and claim mechanisms. Then uses specific examples and cases to illustrate how this can be done. The Guidance Note consolidates the right to food as both an objective and a tool for achieving food security for all. It shows that the right to food can provide an overarching framework that guides efforts to address hunger and malnutrition. At the same time, adopting an app roach based on the right to adequate food in the design, implementation and monitoring of programmes increases the chances of enhancing the efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability of efforts. This publication is the result of an inter-departmental participatory process and close collaboration between the Integrated Food Security Support Service (TCSF) of the Policy and Programme Support Division and the Right to Food Team of the Agricultural Development Economics Division ( ESA), with numerous contributions from practitioners and experts from the field and headquarters. It was authored by Carmen Lahoz and Enrique De Loma-Ossorio from the Instituto de Estudios del Hambre (IEH) in Madrid. Available in English, French and Spanish.
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    Review of the legislative framework and jurisprudence concerning the right to adequate food in Nepal 2014
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    The Review of the legislative framework and jurisprudence concerning the right to adequate food in Nepal discusses overarching aspects of Nepalese law and jurisprudence dealing with the human right to food. Following a brief discussion of the international legal protection of the right to food in Nepal, the review, in particular provides a critical assessment of constitutional as well as legislative provisions and offers a thorough analysis of Supreme Court jurisprudence pertaining to the right to food. In addition to judicial remedy, the review also covers non-judicial means of remedy against the violation of food rights. This review comes at an opportune moment in the sense that Nepal's constitution-making process is yet to be completed and there are also a number of ongoing legislative and policy initiatives towards protection and promotion of the right to food. This review provides detailed knowledge to concerned stakeholders on normative and implementation gaps in relation to the right to adequate food. With the view of assisting Nepal in this process, the review also offers a set of concrete recommendations, touching upon a wide range of aspects of the human right to adequate food. This work was undertaken under the global project entitled "Integrating the Right to Adequate Food and Good Governance in National Policies, Legislation and Institutions” (GCP/GLO/324/NOR Right to Food at Country Level) run by the Right to Food Team of the FAO. The project aims to address c ountry challenges by promoting human rights-based approach in efforts to achieve food security at all levels, in legislation, policy and programme design and formulation, decision and implementation. By producing this analysis, FAO aims to assist the Government of Nepal, the Constituent Assembly, the Judiciary, the National Human Rights Institutions, and civil society organizations in their initiatives towards advancing the human right to adequate food.

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