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FAO - Nutrition country profiles: Jamaica








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    FAO - Nutrition country profiles: Antigua and Barbuda 2003 2003
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    Very little recent national information is available on anthropometric measurements for children in Antigua and Barbuda. The latest available figures show that the level of undernutrition (weight for age) among children less than one year old was 1.4% in 1995, a decrease from the 1993 level of 2.3%. For children 1-4 years old, the level remained almost constant, 0.6% - 0.8% over the period 1993-1995, while among the wider age group, 0-5 years, there was a decline of 0.3% between 1996 and 1999. T he prevalence of overweight (weight for age) among children, less than one year old, was higher than that for underweight. It fluctuated during the period 1993- 1995, increasing overall from 7.4% to 8.5%. Among children 1-4 years, there was a slight decline between 1993 and 1995 (from 2.8% to 2.5%). Between 1997 and 1998 the prevalence of overweight decreased among children 0-5 years from 6.6% t0 5.8 % (Table 4a). A 1993 Ministry of Health survey found that the national prevalence of obesity (BM I: > 30) was 4.6%. Among persons 40 years and over, 60% men and 25% women were obese. No recent anthropometric data were available on adolescents in Antigua and Barbuda.
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    FAO - Nutrition country profiles: The Bahamas 2003
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    Overweight and obesity have a greater effect on the nutritional status of the population in The Bahamas than underweight and nutritional deficiencies. Based on the 1994-95 Ministry of Health/CFNI report, among children 4-9 years old, 6.6% were underweight, 12.9% were stunted (a greater proportion of boys than girls) and 5.7% were wasting. In contrast, 14.9% of these children were overweight (the prevalence being the same for boys and girls) (Table 4a). It is not possible to say whether these lev els represent an improvement or deterioration in the nutritional status of this particular age group as no data are available for comparison. In the 1988-89 National Health and Nutritional Survey (MOH, CFNI/PAHO, 1991), it was reported that the prevalence of undernutrition (< 5th percentile) among children 5-14 years was 16.7%. At the sub-national level, relatively high prevalence levels of undernutrition were found on Acklins (15.4%) and Crooked Islands (11.9%) among children > 5 years. The hig hest prevalence of undernutrition (< 3th percentile) was found on the Family Islands (12.3%) among children <5 years; the national prevalence was 7%. In the other regions covered, the prevalence of undernutrition was acceptably low among this age group.
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    FAO - Nutrition country profiles: Papua New Guinea 2003 2003
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    According to surveys over the last 15 years, the nutritional status of children under five years in Papua New Guinea has not improved (Smith, 1992; Gibson and Rozelle, 1998). In rural areas there is a high prevalence of underweight, a very high prevalence of stunting and a medium prevalence of wasting in children under five years (Table 4a-1) (Monsef, 1998). The prevalence of underweight and wasting was highest among infants at one year, while stunting affected more than half of the children at four years. A sub-national survey carried out among children under five years reported a lower prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting in urban areas. Children under five years living in the Highlands have a greater risk of stunting than their coastal counterparts. However, children living in the coastal regions are more likely to be wasted (Table 4a-2) (Gibson and Rozelle, 1998).

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