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Chinampa Agricultural System in Mexico City, Mexico: A Proposal for Designation as a Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System (GIAHS)

Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)









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    Proposal from the United Arab Emirates For the designation under the GIAHS Program of Al Ain and Liwa Historical Date Palm Oases
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2015
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    This document proposes to designate Al Ain and Liwa date palm oases as a Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Site (GIAHS) under the respective FAO programme. Al Ain and Liwa constitute globally significant in situ repositories of date palm genetic resources, and are home to ancient falaj irrigation systems, which bear testimony to human agricultural and technological ingenuity, with important lessons for future coping strategies and sustainable development in the face of climate change. Loc ated in a country, which has experienced extreme rapid development and undergone dramatic socio-economic change, the oases no longer have their traditional significance in subsistence agriculture. However, their iconic importance to the United Arab Emirates’ cultural identity and traditions, and the environmental quality they add to Al Ain and Liwa City as well as their role in national branding and sustainable tourism, cannot be overstated. A very active and dynamic conservation program, seekin g to revitalize the oases through a variety of measures, such as protection against urban encroachment, restoration of aflaj irrigation systems, and re-introduction of traditional agricultural management, is fully supported by state-of-the-art development plans, legislative initiatives, academic research and the highest level of Abu Dhabi’s government.
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    The GIAHS – Hani Rice Terraces System Yuanyang County, Honghe County, Lvchun County and Jinping County in Yunnan Province, P. R. China. Format for Proposal of Candidate Systems for the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Programme
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2016
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    Hani Rice Terraces are located in the Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture, which is in the southeast part of Yunnan Province. People of various races, with Hani being the main minority group, has built this spectacular agriculture and nature wonders. The magnificent Hani Terrace System is a masterpiece of the brilliant Hani minorities, who has lived in this remarkable landscape for over 1300 years. The terraces are mainly distributed along the south part of the Honghe Ailao Mountain and spr ead in four counties: Honghe, Yuanyang, Lvchun, and Jinping, covering an area of about 70,000 ha. Hani Rice Terraces are one of best examples to show farmers’ wisdom in China. The Hani villages are built on the mountainsides, above the village are the flourishing forests and the terraces are just below the villages. It is amazing that in the Hani Rice Terraces there are no reservoirs but water supply is abundant. The forest, village, terrace and river compose the typical ecological landscape of the Hani Rice Terraces. The Hani People, their indigenous agricultural technologies, their selection of the settlement site and their traditional customs for environment protection and conservation all show a harmonious relationship between human and nature, and their relationship in the human society as well.
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    Xinghua Duotian Agrosystem. GIAHS Proposal for the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Initiative
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2014
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    Xinghua Duotian Agrosystem is a world-level wonder for its unique water-land utilization method in low-lying land and its splendid raised field landscape. Raised fields are formed on the basis of wetlands, with different sizes and shapes. They are surrounded by water and they look like small islets drifting on the sea. Thus, people call Xinghua as "the city with thousand islets". The scenery is especially beautiful when rape flowers are in bloom during the Qingming festival. There are over 40 Km 2 raised fields in Xinghua city, which is located in Duotian Town, Ganggu Town, Lizhong Town, Xijiao Town and Zhoufen Town, forming a unique landscape.

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