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Animal genetic resources

A safety net for the future









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    Document
    Briefing Kit: The global strategy for the management of farm animal genetic resources 2003
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    The Issues: Animals meet an estimated 30 per cent of human requirements for food and agriculture in the form of meat, milk, fibre, fertilizer for crops, fuel and draught power. Animal genetic resources are a global asset, currently undervalued, underused, misused and underdeveloped. 30 per cent of remaining animal genetic resources are at risk of loss. As genetic diversity erodes, our capacity to maintain and enhance animal production, productivity and product quality decreases, as does our ability to respond to changing conditions. Genetic resources hold an important key to increasing food security and sustainable agriculture. The Plan of Action: To prevent further erosion of irreplaceable genetic resources. To increase our knowledge of what remains of these resources. To better develop and make use of domestic animal diversity. The Global Strategy for the Management of Farm Animal Genetic Resources offers an international action plan led and coordinated by FAO’ s Initiative for Domestic Animal Diversity.
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    Project
    Project to Enhance Animal Feed Production through Maize Production in Liberia - TCP/LIR/3703 2023
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    With 70 percent of its population reliant on agricultural livelihoods, Liberia heavily depends on agriculture for its economic growth Subsistence farming accounts for around 35 percent of the sector, with rice and cassava being the main staple foods (Ministry of Finance and Development Planning 2017 Livestock is an important part of the agricultural economy because it provides food, nutrients, income, savings, draught power, manure, transportation and a variety of other social and cultural services It offers good job prospects and employs 60 percent of the national workforce, with a gross domestic product ( per capita growth at 7 3 percent for the period 2009 to 2013 Traditional herding techniques accounts for 100 percent of cattle, goats, sheep and guinea fowl holdings and 58 percent of pig holdings FAO 2012 Country Programming Framework Liberia One of the biggest issues impeding animal production and productivity, particularly poultry production, is a lack of feed supplies In rural areas, poultry feed consists of scattered grains from threshing flour mills, leftover grains, broken rice, kitchen wastes, grass, insects and leftover boiled rice Wheat, rice polish, fishmeal, oyster shell, common salt and vitamin mineral premix are also popular imported materials used as chicken feed.
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    Article
    Review: Domestic herbivores and food security: current contribution, trends and challenges for a sustainable development 2018
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    Herbivores are found in a variety of ecosystems all over the world. Permanent pastures and meadows cover about 25% of global land. We currently count one domesticated herbivore for two people in the world and the number is growing. Production systems and products are highly diverse. This high diversity is the result of thousands of years of natural selection and human-controlled breeding, as well as migration and trade. Because of the high diversity of domestic herbivore genetic resources, herders have been able to live in regions where no alternative for income generation exists. Meat and milk from domestic herbivores provide 16% and 8% of the global protein and kilocalorie consumption, respectively. They also provide a variety of essential micronutrients but can contribute to overweight and obesity when consumed in excess. Domestic herbivores also make significant contribution to food security through the production of manure, draught power and transport and the generation of income at household and national level. They have a key role to play in women’s empowerment and gender equality, both in rural and urban areas.

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