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Young pastoralists in towns and cities – Final summary

Supporting the economic and social integration of young pastoralists – Chad and Burkina Faso









​Ancey, V., Rangé, C., Magnani, S. and Patat, C. 2020. Young pastoralists in towns and cities – Summary report. Supporting the economic and social integration of young pastoralists – Chad and Burkina Faso. Rome, FAO.


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    Dans un contexte international marqué par les agendas migratoires et sécuritaires, des discours médiatiques sur les jeunes et le pastoralisme au Sahel relient de manière dogmatique les conflits violents à la dégradation des ressources et au changement climatique. Basée sur des données empiriques pour capter les facteurs de changement et de durabilité, cette étude de cas au Tchad et au Burkina Faso décrit des réseaux et trajectoires migratoires de jeunes issus des communautés pastorales et leur contexte institutionnel de socialisation. Elle montre comment l’accès à l’âge adulte en milieu pastoral évolue en lien avec les dynamiques des systèmes pastoraux. Les principaux objectifs de l'étude sont: 1) Analyser les défis actuels de l'émancipation des jeunes pasteurs 2) Proposer aux politiques une lecture du pastoralisme à l’échelle familiale et des territoires 3) Alimenter le débat pour éclairer une action publique soutenant le pastoralisme et les jeunes pasteurs au Sahel. Ce rapport synthétise trois rapports d’étude au Tchad et au Burkina Faso
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    The countries of the Group of Five for the Sahel (G5 Sahel) are experiencing a demographic transition characterized by a growing population. The region has a population of over 75 million, 60 percent of whom are below the age of 25, with two thirds still living in rural areas., Populations across the five countries are growing rapidly and expected to rise to more than 200 million by 2050. Up to 41 million young people in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and the Niger alone are considered at risk of radicalization or migration, given that the region is both the departure point for migrants and a key corridor of different migration routes. Without significant action to improve access to education, vocational training and quality employment, the Sahel is at risk of becoming a hub of mass migration and for recruitment and training of radical groups. The economic transformation of rural areas and the creation of jobs for millions of rural young people are therefore fundamental pre-conditions to stability in the region. The project therefore aimed to build resilience and social cohesion among youth while improving their livelihood stability in fragile contexts through innovative approaches allowing them to increase their access to sustainable employment opportunities.
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    High levels of insecurity and inter-community conflict persist in various areas across the Sahel, particularly in parts of Burkina Faso, Mali and the Niger, significantly increasing population displacements in the region. Despite overall satisfactory agricultural production, there are significant disparities between geographical areas, with declines in cereal production expected in various countries, including Senegal. Price increases compared with the five-year average. The pastoral situation is marked by significant forage deficits in the far west of the Sahel – Senegal and Mauritania – and in parts of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali and the Niger, which have led to early transhumance movements and the increased risk of aggravating farmer-pastoralist conflicts. According to the latest Cadre Harmonisé analysis (November 2019), 15.5 million people, including in Cameroon, are projected to be severely food insecure during next year’s lean season (June–August 2020) – an alarming deterioration that has never been observed in the last five years. This is the result of cyclical causes, including local cereal and fodder production deficits due to drought and floods, but mainly due to the worsening security situation in the region. High prevalence of acute malnutrition is also still observed, and if the security situation deteriorates further, nutrition conditions would also worsen, especially among IDPs and host communities. Providing immediate agricultural support is crucial to support the livelihoods of vulnerable displaced and host families to improve their food security and nutrition, as well as to reduce the risk of tensions over already limited natural resources

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