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Extending social protection to rural populations

Perspectives for a common FAO and ILO approach - Executive summary









​ILO and FAO. 2021. Extending social protection to rural populations: Perspectives for a common FAO and ILO approach. Executive summary. Geneva.


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    Booklet
    Extending social protection to rural populations
    Perspectives for a common FAO and ILO approach
    2021
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    Despite the importance of social protection, today more than 70 percent of the world’s population still has no or limited access to comprehensive social protection. Coverage in rural areas, where about 80 percent of the world’s poor live, is even lower. Achieving an effective extension of the coverage of social protection benefits and services to the rural population is a key challenge which must be addressed in order to achieve SDG 1.3. “Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable”. This will require bridging gaps and removing existing barriers that limit the access of rural populations to social protection. Extending social protection for all is core to the work of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO). The present paper lays out the specific profiles, risks and vulnerabilities of rural populations and explores options to extend social protection coverage to them.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    On the path to universal coverage for rural populations
    Removing barriers of access to social protection
    2019
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    Social protection is recognized as an effective strategy for poverty eradication. It also contributes to promoting good health and well-being, achieving decent employment, fostering economic growth and reducing inequalities – objectives that are reflected in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG targets 1.3, 3.8, 5.4 and 10.4). When designed to reduce and prevent poverty, food insecurity, and vulnerability across the life cycle – social protection policies and programmes can effectively support vulnerable households to improve their lives. The issue lies in the fact that only 45 per cent of the global population is currently effectively covered by at least one social benefit and the remaining 55 per cent – some 4 billion people – are left unprotected. "On the path to universal coverage" identifies and analyses existing the barriers of access to social protection for rural populations (legal, institutional, financial) and also explores international experiences to identify potential solutions to overcome these barriers in a systematized manner. This paper aims to shed light on the current gaps in social protection programmes and offers solutions for policy-makers and stakeholders to take into account in the design and implementation stages of their own projects.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Expanding access to social protection for rural populations 2023
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    Social protection is a human right, a commitment in the SDGs and it is an effective policy instrument to address the multiple crises we currently face like a changing climate, conflict and their links with poverty, hunger and inequality. While progress has been made in expanding access to social protection, there are still massive gaps in coverage. This is especially worrying in rural areas where there is a concentration of poor and vulnerable people with limited access to financial and social services, and informal employment is widespread. Consequently, poor and vulnerable rural households face colossal challenges in beneficially participating in economic opportunities, such as those in agrifood systems. Without access to adequate and comprehensive social protection, rural populations risk being left behind, blocking progress on reducing poverty and inequality.

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