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FAO’s Commission ensures sustainability of Desert Locust preventive control in West and Northwest Africa











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    Project
    Sustainable Control of the Desert Locust in West and Northwest Africa - GCP/INT/232/EC 2020
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    The desert locust is a dangerous pest which destroys crops and pastures, threatens food security and the economic, social, health and environmental stability of the countries in the western area of its range (west and northwestern Africa). To combat this scourge, ten countries (Algeria, Burkina Faso, Chad, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, the Niger, Senegal and Tunisia) joined together in 2002 to form the Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in the Western Region (CLCPRO) and coordinate the preventive control strategy. This regional institution has been instrumental in containing a number of locust outbreaks in recent years, notably by implementing FAO's Emergency prevention system in west and northwest African Countries (EMPRES-WR). The project was designed to contribute to the implementation of Phase II of the EMPRES-WR Programme by building capacity at national and regional levels and deploying mechanisms for the sustainable management of the Desert Locust Preventive Control System in the Western Region.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Desert Locust Control Committee: a global coordinating body for locust early warning and preventive control 2017
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    The Desert Locust, Schistocerca gregaria, is the world’s most dangerous migratory pest with a voracious appetite unmatched in the insect world. Established in 1955 by FAO, when the world was in the midst of a 12-year-long Desert Locust plague, the Desert Locust Control Committee (DLCC) is the primary forum that brings together locust-affected countries, donors and other agencies to discuss Desert Locust management under the FAO umbrella. DLCC is also the primary advisory body to the Director-Gen eral of FAO on all Desert Locust issues.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Desert locust upsurge
    Progress report on the response in West Africa, May–December 2020
    2021
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    By the end of December 2020, about 18 percent of the USD 50 million appeal has been mobilized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in preparedness and anticipatory actions to control desert locust swarms and safeguard livelihoods in West Africa and the Sahel following the release of its crisis appeal in May 2020. FAO’s Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in the Western Region (CLCPRO) secretariat and the countries at risk including Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, the Niger and Senegal activated their respective contingency plans to cope with the threat of a desert locust invasion from East Africa. Monitoring teams were deployed, trainings were conducted and procurement was launched. Although the imminent threat of an invasion from East Africa has significantly reduced since June 2020, FAO must remain vigilant and the capacity to conduct surveillance and coordination activities must be maintained. Early action to enhance preparedness in West Africa is especially important considering that 17.2 million people were projected to face acute food insecurity (Cadre Harmonisé Phase 3 and above) during the lean season (June–August 2020) in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, the Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, the Niger, Nigeria and Senegal according to the Cadre Harmonisé analysis released in March 2020. If an upsurge of desert locust had occurred in West Africa, this could have led to a significant decline in food security given compounding vulnerabilities (e.g. climate, conflict and COVID‑19 impacts). FAO is continuing to monitor the potential desert locust threat in the Sahel. FAO’s CLCPRO, together with FAO’s Regional Resilience, Emergency and Rehabilitation Office for West Africa/Sahel (REOWA) based in Dakar, is working closely with at-risk countries in anticipatory actions such as training, pre-positioning of resources and initiating impact assessment scenarios as well as ground and aerial surveillance operations.

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