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Mongolia: Anticipating the 2020 dzud










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    Booklet
    Disaster risk finance and Anticipatory Action in Mongolia: Lessons from the 2022/23 dzud
    Technical Brief
    2024
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    This document provides a comprehensive overview of disaster risk financing for Anticipatory Action, focusing on the specific case of dzud events in Mongolia. It delves into the proactive measures implemented by the Government of Mongolia during the 2022/23 winter, highlighting the release of state fodder and hay reserves at discounted prices in anticipation of the dzud, guided by early warnings.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Mongolia: Belgium’s contribution through the Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities (SFERA) – Anticipatory Action window 2023
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    In Mongolia, the frequency, intensity and unpredictability of weather extremes such as the harsh winter (dzud), drought, snow and dust storms, heavy rainfall and flooding have tripled in the last decade, heavily impacting traditional livestock-based livelihoods. In 2022, according to the National Agrometeorological Services, 50 percent of the country’s territory experienced a moisture deficit in the summer season. Coupled with early snowfall and below-average temperature forecasts, this resulted in 59 percent of the country being at high risk of dzud. Following these early warning signs, and thanks to the Government of Belgium’s contribution to the SFERA – Anticipatory Action window, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) together with the Government of Mongolia put in place Anticipatory Action measures to mitigate a potential massive livestock mortality in 11 provinces at high risk of dzud. FAO will provide cash transfers to help households procure fodder at reduced government rates and ensure their livelihood is protected during dzud. The reduced rates will come in the form of a 50 percent discount on hay and fodder from the state emergency reserve to vulnerable herder households in 158 soums/administrative divisions.
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    Booklet
    Mongolia: Impact of Early Warning Early Action
    Protecting herder livelihoods ahead of a dzud winter
    2018
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    There is evidence that the intensity and frequency of climate-driven natural disasters and conflicts are increasing. Natural disasters now occur nearly five times as often as 40 years ago. The impact on local economies, on people's livelihoods and on lives has similarly grown. In some of the worst-hit places, it can seem unrelenting. One drought will follow another, every time stripping away the limited assets of poor and vulnerable people, robbing them of their self-reliance and wounding their humanity and dignity. Globally, expanding needs, competing priorities and limited resources mean that new tools are essential to make interventions as wisely and effectively as possible, to ensure that the impacts of crises are limited before they can grow into even more costly humanitarian disasters. Carefully timed support also protects and empowers people the most, giving them the confidence to keep going or to resume their livelihoods. Investing in early action means FAO can help shelter longer-term development gains and increase resilience. Working with national governments and humanitarian, development and scientific partners, FAO’s Early Warning Early Action approach monitors risk information systems and translates warnings into anticipatory actions. Every quarter, FAO’s Early Warning Early Action report on food security and agriculture ranks risks by their likelihood and potential impact and identifies the best interventions. Then, FAO’s Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities (SFERA), can release money from its early action window. The funds back tailored plans which are rapidly put into place, drawing on FAO’s greatest asset: its technical knowledge and expertise in supporting rural livelihoods. Early actions are varied and flexible, ranging from cash transfers for fishing communities to safely store their nets ahead of an impending cyclone, to livestock treatments for herders as a drought intensifies, to flood defences before a severe rainy season to protect crops. This study analyses the outcomes of targeted early actions in Mongolia in the winter of 2017 to 2018, triggered by warnings that extreme weather posed a major risk to vulnerable livestock herders. It evaluates their effectiveness and quantifies the benefits of acting early.

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