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Environmental performance of pig supply chains










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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Environmental performance of poultry supply chains 2017
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    Poultry is the most diffused domestic animal species in the world. The global poultry population in 2012 was estimated at just over 28 billion birds, over three times as many as in 1980, with chickens making up approximately 90 percent of the total. The poultry sector is structurally diverse. There are wide differences in the scale, goals and types of system that produce meat and eggs. These may range from smallholder backyard subsistence systems (in developing economies) to backyard systems tha t are small-scale but not subsistence-oriented (in developed countries). The production of poultry products, however, is associated with significant use of natural resources such as land, water and nutrients and contributes to the environmental issues such as GHG, loss of nutrients to water and air and biodiversity loss. These problems may contribute to environmental impacts such as climate change or eutrophication, which threaten ecosystems and human health. Conscious of these challenges, the LEAP Partnership established in 2013 a technical advisory group to develop comprehensive guidelines on the assessment of the environmental performance of poultry supply chains.
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    Environmental performance of small ruminants supply chains 2017
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    There is a wide variety of small ruminant production systems globally. This diversity means that there is a great variety of production systems with different production intensities and purposes within and among countries. The production of small ruminant’s products, is associated with significant use of natural resources such as land, water or nutrients and contributes to environmental issues such as GHG, loss of nutrient to water and air and biodiversity loss. The assessment of these impacts, however, is challenging due to the internationalisation of small ruminants supply chains as well as the lack of data and harmonisation of scientific methods. Conscious of these challenges, the LEAP Partnership established in 2014 a technical advisory group to develop comprehensive guidelines on the assessment of the environmental performance of small ruminants supply chains.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Water use in livestock production systems and supply chains. Guidelines for assessment
    Version 1
    2019
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    The Technical Advisory Group (TAG) for Water Use Assessment, composed by 30 international experts, has developed guidelines on water footprinting for livestock supply chains. The mandate of the Water TAG was to provide recommendations to monitor the environmental performance of feed and livestock supply chains over time so that progress towards improvement targets can be measured; apply the guidelines for feed and water demand of small ruminants, poultry, large ruminants and pig supply chains; build on and go beyond the existing FAO LEAP guidelines; and pursue alignment with relevant International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards, specifically ISO 14040, ISO 14044 (ISO, 2006b and 2006a) and ISO 14046 (ISO, 2014). The guidelines on water use assessment include the impact assessment: the assessment of the environmental performance related to water use of a livestock-related system by assessing potential environmental impacts of blue water consumption following the water scarcity footprint according to the framework provided by ISO 14046 (ISO, 2014); and the assessment of the system’s productivity of green and blue water. The guidelines are thus intended to support the optimization of use of water resources and the identification of opportunities to decrease the potential impacts of water use in livestock production. The Water TAG guidance is relevant for livestock production systems, including feed production from croplands and grasslands, and production and processing of livestock products (cradle-to-gate). It addresses all livestock production systems and livestock species considered in existing LEAP animal guidelines: poultry, pig, small ruminant and large ruminant supply chains.

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