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Quinoa: an ancient crop to contribute to world food security






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    Prospects for quinoa adaptation and utilization in Eastern and Southern Africa
    Technological, institutional and policy considerations
    2020
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    Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.), is an emerging crop in the world with great potential to contribute to Africa’s food and nutritional security. The increased popularity of quinoa in the last few years is attributed to the impact of activities carried out within the framework of the International Year of Quinoa (IYQ2013) which helped greatly to raise awareness on the crop’s multiple nutritional benefits and its expanding cultivation globally. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), which championed the IYQ2013 has worked with developing countries in Africa, which are grappling with food and nutrition insecurity, to introduce and promote cultivation of quinoa. Production and utilization of quinoa is expected to significantly reduce food and nutrition insecurity and help farming communities adapt to climate change. FAO implemented a Technical Cooperation on quinoa titled “Technical Assistance for the Strengthening of the Food System of Quinoa” (TCP/SFE/3406) implemented in 2014 to 2015. This project was designed to support the institutional capacities of seven countries including Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda, and Zambia, in the production, evaluation, management, utilization, and marketing of Quinoa under diverse farming systems and agro-ecological zones. The project was implemented and led by the FAO Subregional office for Eastern Africa (SFE). Quinoa evaluation trials that were conducted across multiple sites in the participating countries served as pilot adaptability studies for the crop. This technical paper presents key technological, institutional and policy consideration for the successful introduction, adaptation and utilization of quinoa in Africa.
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    International Cookbook for Quinoa: Tradition and innovation
    Quinoa a future sown thousands of years ago
    2014
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    Quinoa, the so-called golden grain, was safeguarded for thousands of years by the inhabitants of the Andean regions of Latin America and has only recently been discovered by the world. In its honour, the United Nations declared 2013 as the International Year of Quinoa. In doing so, the UN paid tribute to the Andean indigenous peoples who have maintained, controlled, protected and preserved quinoa as a food for present and future generations thanks to their knowledge and traditional w ay of life in harmony with nature. But not only this; the United Nations General Assembly also noted the nutritional characteristics of quinoa and its adaptability to different agroecological conditions, properties that, coupled with its low cost of production, make it a strong partner in the fight against hunger and food insecurity The origin of this cookbook stems from that recognition by the United Nations. Its purpose is to serve as a means of publicizing quinoa and its benefit s beyond its area of origin, to promote its production and consumption throughout the world and thus to reach those countries that suffer most from food insecurity. With this in mind, FAO resorted to tradition and innovation. Tradition takes the form of everyday recipes of peoples and communities living in the quinoa producing regions of Latin America. The dishes have varied origins, some going back many centuries, others only existing for a few generations. As for innovation, FAO us ed the Chefs Against Hunger campaign to contact dozens of chefs around the world and to invite them to present recipes that were inexpensive, healthy, nutritious, and simple to prepare and whose preparation was based on ingredients from their local region. Not an easy challenge. The outcome was 37 recipes with ingredients from all over the world, exotic flavours and varied textures and aromas. Evidence of the versatility of this grain, which can adapt to all cuisines. This publicatio n combines both types of recipe, traditional and innovative, to offer more than 60 different dishes. We hope that you will enjoy this cookbook, that you will venture into the wide selection of quinoa flavours and, if you are able, that you will share it with those who can most benefit from it, thereby helping to disseminate this future sown thousands of years ago.
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    State of the art report on quinoa around the world in 2013 2015
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    In 2013, the United Nations declared the International Year of Quinoa. It gave global priority to quinoa, fostering expectations and highlighting challenges. The scientific studies and articles compiled herein describe with precision the potential contribution of quinoa and its limitations with regard to its cultivation, and promote its consumption in different parts of the world. The state of the world’s quinoa tracks the “footsteps” of quinoa to determine current sectorial trends in 2013 for t his exceptional crop which, due to its nutritional qualities, its diversity and its resistance to drought and cold, has been identified as an important alternative to contribute to global food security, especially in areas where the population has no access to adequate sources of protein, or where there are environmental constraints to food crop production. In this context, the main aim of the State of the Art Report on Quinoa around the World is to bring together, within a single document, upto - date technical and scientific data on growing quinoa so as to encourage the dissemination of this knowledge, promote dialogue and debate amongst partners in the development of quinoa worldwide, and generate new expectations for the crop around the world, in view of its contributions to food security and the family farming economy and also considering the inherent risks of uncontrolled expansion. Special emphasis is given to the need to regulate the use of plant genetic resources, sustainabilit y of agricultural systems and the fair and equitable distribution of benefits from using quinoa outside the Andean region.

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