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Promoting nutrition-sensitive agricultural diversification in Eastern Africa - GCP/SFE/001/MUL










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    Project
    Promoting Nutrition-Sensitive Agricultural Diversification in Eastern Africa - GCP/SFE/001/MUL 2019
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    Africa is the world’s youngest continent, with more than half of the population under 25 years of age. Unleashing the capacity of young women and men to effectively participate in the modernization of the agricultural sector is imperative for enhanced resilience, improved food security and poverty reduction. Rural youth employment has been identified as a major national and regional priority in Eastern Africa. Aquaculture and poultry production are agricultural areas with the potential to boost nutritious food production, livelihood diversification and income generation. Sustainable, integrated and innovative practices to enhance youth entrepreneurship were needed, as well as supporting mechanisms to enable farmers to produce nutrient-dense foods for schoolchildren, the community at large and domestic and regional markets. Against this background, the project aimed to promote greater diversity and intensification of the poultry and aquaculture value chains, to improve nutrition and offer better job prospects for young people in four recipient countries in Eastern Africa: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda. Lessons learned and good practices derived from the four baby projects were shared with other countries in the subregion: Djibouti, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Somalia and United Republic of Tanzania.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Lessons Learned on Diversification Experiences in the Special Programmes for Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa 2011
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    This study aims to learn from short-cycle animal husbandry experiences within the framework of the Special Programme for Food Security (SPFS) implemented in sub-Saharan Africa in order to disseminate good practices through new initiatives, for example: the National Programme for Food Security (NPFS); the Regional Programme for Food Security (RPFS); agricultural development projects; and the implementation of new policies on livestock breeding. Furthermore, the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) includes national and regional agricultural investment projects comprising livestock. With specific reference to the “diversification” subcomponent of the SPFS, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has more than 10 years’ experience in setting up and monitoring semi-intensive breeding units at different levels based on the concept of sustainability and replicability; it has moved on from approaches that failed to ac hieve technical progress in traditional breeding in Africa. In the diversification component, the following short-cycle domestic species have been bred in semi-intensive units: small ruminants and poultry (chickens, ducks and guinea fowl). This innovative methodology has attracted the attention of various national and international donors who have provided considerable support. This study assesses activities carried out in 11 countries of Central and West Africa: Mali, Chad, Niger, Burkina Faso, Togo, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Burundi, Central African Republic and Senegal. The projects are assessed to make a comparative analysis of the technological options adopted (in terms of production, feeding and marketing). Lessons have been learned and best practices identified; the advantages and disadvantages of different techniques in the light of the results obtained with local populations (in particular, women and youth organizations in the rural and urban communities) are analysed.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Impact of COVID-19 on agriculture, food systems and rural livelihoods in Eastern Africa
    Policy and programmatic options
    2020
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    The FAO Subregional Office for Eastern Africa is a technical hub which supports nine countries in Eastern Africa: Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan and Uganda. It has a core team of professionals with multidisciplinary expertise. It is responsible for developing, promoting, overseeing and implementing agreed strategies for addressing subregional food security, nutrition, agriculture and rural development priorities. COVID-19 hit the Eastern Africa subregion at a particularly critical time when the economies of a number of countries in the subregion were recovering from the impacts of recent droughts and severe flooding and dealing with the worst desert locust invasion in 25 years. In addition, conflict- and climate-induced displacements are prominent in the subregion, with more than 7 million displaced people in camps or settlement situations in only four countries (1.78 million in Ethiopia, 1.67 million in South Sudan, 2.65 million in Somalia and 1.43 million in Uganda). The cumulative effect of these shocks has eroded the resilience of large segments of the population and strained governments and humanitarian agencies (UNHCR, 2020).

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