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FAO - Nutrition country profiles: Bhutan 1999








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    FAO - Nutrition country profiles: Papua New Guinea 2003 2003
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    According to surveys over the last 15 years, the nutritional status of children under five years in Papua New Guinea has not improved (Smith, 1992; Gibson and Rozelle, 1998). In rural areas there is a high prevalence of underweight, a very high prevalence of stunting and a medium prevalence of wasting in children under five years (Table 4a-1) (Monsef, 1998). The prevalence of underweight and wasting was highest among infants at one year, while stunting affected more than half of the children at four years. A sub-national survey carried out among children under five years reported a lower prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting in urban areas. Children under five years living in the Highlands have a greater risk of stunting than their coastal counterparts. However, children living in the coastal regions are more likely to be wasted (Table 4a-2) (Gibson and Rozelle, 1998).
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    FAO - Nutrition country profiles: Barbados 2003
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    According to the 1981 national health and nutrition survey 29% of the children under 5 years old were malnourished (0.5% severely, 3.6% moderately and 24.9% mildly) using the Gomez weight-for-age classification. This level represented a decrease in the level of malnourished pre-school children in the population, compared to earlier estimates which indicated that 39% were malnourished (0.3% severely, 3.2% moderately and 35.5% mildly) in 1975. According to the 1981 survey results, 3.8% of the pre- school children were obese (weight-for-height) (Table 4a). Among children 5-9 years, a slightly larger proportion of girls compared to boys were underweight (15.9% vs. 14%) as well as overweight (5.6% vs. 3.2%). No recent data are available to represent the current situation.
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    FAO - Nutrition country profiles: The Bahamas 2003
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    Overweight and obesity have a greater effect on the nutritional status of the population in The Bahamas than underweight and nutritional deficiencies. Based on the 1994-95 Ministry of Health/CFNI report, among children 4-9 years old, 6.6% were underweight, 12.9% were stunted (a greater proportion of boys than girls) and 5.7% were wasting. In contrast, 14.9% of these children were overweight (the prevalence being the same for boys and girls) (Table 4a). It is not possible to say whether these lev els represent an improvement or deterioration in the nutritional status of this particular age group as no data are available for comparison. In the 1988-89 National Health and Nutritional Survey (MOH, CFNI/PAHO, 1991), it was reported that the prevalence of undernutrition (< 5th percentile) among children 5-14 years was 16.7%. At the sub-national level, relatively high prevalence levels of undernutrition were found on Acklins (15.4%) and Crooked Islands (11.9%) among children > 5 years. The hig hest prevalence of undernutrition (< 3th percentile) was found on the Family Islands (12.3%) among children <5 years; the national prevalence was 7%. In the other regions covered, the prevalence of undernutrition was acceptably low among this age group.

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