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Rural youth migration, social protection and sustainable value chains in Kenya










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    Booklet
    Promoting alternatives to migration for rural youth in Tunisia and Ethiopia
    Youth mobility, food security and rural poverty reduction (RYM) project
    2018
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    Each year, rural areas lose a promising share of their workforce, as youth leave their homes and migrate to cities or move abroad in search of a better future. The distress induced by poverty, food insecurity and a lack of employment opportunities push many youth around the world to search for jobs elsewhere. By addressing the links between distress migration and rural development, FAO is making a difference in Tunisia and Ethiopia. With funding from the Italian Development Cooperation, the Rural Youth Mobility Project (RYM) was launched in 2015 to provide unemployed youth in migration-prone areas the two countries with the necessary training and equipment to start their rural enterprises. The aim is to promote innovative pathways for youth employment and entrepreneurship in rural areas. This publication describes the impact of the Project on rural communities in Tunisia and Ethiopia, through the testimonies of the young beneficiaries.
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    Addressing Rural Youth Distress Migration 2016
    Migration out of rural areas is a complex issue, especially when caused by distress and lack of alternatives. The decision to migrate depends on a number of variables, including poverty, food insecurity, lack of employment opportunities, conflicts, natural disasters, poverty employment opportunities, and as well as household and individual characteristics. The impact of rural out-migration on the areas of origin can be positive or negative, or a combination of both: migrants and returnees can co ntribute investments, remittances and skills for rural development, but distress migration can also result in the loss of the most vital and dynamic part of the workforce, with negative consequences on agricultural productivity. For this reason, policies and actions addressing distress migration need to both target its root causes and minimize negative consequences, while at the same time enhance the positive contribution of migration to rural areas. This infographic provides an overview of th e root causes of economic distress migration of rural youth, in the context of labour migration, and describes how out-migration and remittances, if well managed, can contribute to rural development, poverty reduction and food security. For more information, please visit the webpage of the project Youth mobility, food security and rural poverty reduction”
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    Project
    Reducing Rural Youth Migration in Kenya - GCP/KEN/087/ITA 2022
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    The key focus of the project was on strengthening the enabling environment to provide alternatives to youth migration, and on harnessing the potential of migration for local development by directly supporting key policy processes in the area of migration, social protection and value chain development. The project engaged rural youth and other value chain actors in productive activities along agrifood value chains and assisted youth entrepreneurs to scale up their businesses along selected value chains. The capacity of youth was increased through technical and business training, coaching and business mentoring, as well as by facilitating access to markets, credit, input provision and non financial support services. At institutional level, technical assistance was provided in the review and finalization of five government policies. At field level, the project organized 1 087 young into 58 groups along four value chains (herbs and spices, improved local chicken, indigenous vegetables and pig) with high potential for employment and income generation. Relevant training was provided, along with assets and inputs worth USD 210 794 to support agro enterprises at farm level. Youth were also engaged in business to business roundtables, as a result of which 325 youth (190 male and 135 female) benefited from improved linkages to other markets and off takers. In terms of improving access to finance, 40 youth groups from 29 wards across the six sub counties benefited from loans totalling KES 5.7 million disbursed by the Youth Enterprise Development Fund.

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