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Forest environmental tax as a scheme of sustainable forest management: potential and challenges in Japan

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022









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    The current situation and perception analysis of forest carbon offset scheme in Korea
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    As the international community pays attention to the absorption of carbon using forests, Korea has been operating the Forest Carbon Offset Scheme since 2013. However, monitoring performance to be performed for certification is sluggish, and it was found that there is a limit to sustainable operation. This study aims to analyze current situation and perception of Forest Carbon Offset Scheme in Korea to suggest problems and direction of improvement.

    Through literature surveys and interviews, in-depth interview questions were selected, and people in charge of transaction-type projects were interviewed in-depth. The Survey was conducted on people in charge, and the characteristics of perception were analyzed through descriptive statistical and frequency analysis.

    The main expected effect was profit generation, and the overall perception of the expected effect decreased. Hindrances were in the order of "Concern about transaction possibilities", "Complexity of certification procedure", "Lack of competent professionals", "Lack of support costs for project planning", "Administrative delay" and "Lack of project operators’ expertise". Also, there were some issues in need of improvement in three aspects. First, there were issues with “Complexity of certification procedure”, “Lack of competent professionals”, “Lack of support costs for project planning”, and “Administrative delay” in system and operation. Second, there were issues with “Concern about transaction possibilities” in profitability. Third, there were issues with “Lack of project operators’ expertise”, “Gap between business purpose and expectation” in participants’ characteristics and perception.

    This study proposed "Providing guidelines and information on the project through periodic identification of the people in charge", "Emphasizing awareness as a project for social contribution", and "Encouragement of revenue generation from non-carbon revenue sources" for improvement of scheme. Keywords: Policies, Climate change, Sustainable forest management ID: 3486756
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    Conservation of green blue carbon ecosystem: Local perceptions and awareness on mangrove forest
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Management of blue carbon ecosystems including mangrove and seagrass beds is necessary to reduce the global carbon emissions and mitigate the impacts of climate change, in addition to the managements of terrestrial forest ecosystem. The scheme of the REDD+, which is Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation, plus the sustainable management of forests, and the conservation and enhancement of forest carbon stocks, has been used for the managements of different types of forests and related ecosystems. The concepts of REDD+ can be applied for the blue carbon ecosystems. In recent academic literatures, the discussion of the application of REDD+ is increasing, considering the characteristics of the management of blue carbon ecosystems. The management of blue carbon ecosystems need the various stakeholders’ collaboration, because they are in the border of different ecosystems including terrestrial and coastal ones, where different types of livelihoods and industries co-exist. To identify the status of discussions of REDD+ for blue carbon ecosystems, literature review on REDD+ and blue carbon ecosystem management was conducted by using quantitative text mining approaches. Regarding the local perceptions and awareness on mangrove forest, a case study in the Philippines was conducted. In concrete terms, household surveys to the locals in Eastern Samar were implemented to identify their perceptions and awareness. The analysis result can contribute to science-policy interface by providing the following information; resource utilization, level of awareness on ecosystem services and existing management plans, and perceptions on natural and anthropogenic threats. It reveals that social demography and level of awareness of the locals are factors which influence status of utilization of mangrove ecosystem services. Those result can be used as an evidence of policy making and facilitate the application of conservation schemes considering the local context of the study site. Keywords: blue carbon ecosystems; REDD+; perceptions; local stakeholders; conservation ID: 3486787
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    A plan on how to create and maintain urban forest healing spaces to expand forest benefits in daily life
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Forest welfare services and healing programs allow city dwellers to relax and enjoy leisure time at a relatively low cost. With an increasing demand for such forest healing services, now is the time to construct a robust policy and institutional framework for the creation of ‘Forest Healing Complex’. This paper aims to create a policy and build an institutional framework for the expansion of forest healing services and benefits in daily life.
    This paper emphasizes the necessity of creating ‘Forest Healing Complex’ based on a survey of demand and status of domestic forest healing services, and also examines a plan to introduce the Complex based on the analysis of trends and best practices at home and abroad. Furthermore, candidate sites for the Complex, principles of construction, and standards for siting were specified; facilities and activities to introduce were designed; and operation and maintenance plans were presented. Lastly, policy suggestions to promote forest healing among city dwellers were made as an alternative to creating urban forest healing places. Keywords: Human health and well-being, Sustainable forest management ID: 3622890

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