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Strengthening Capacity for Enhanced Animal Nutrition Services - TCP/BHU/3704








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    Book (series)
    The feed analysis laboratory: Establishment and quality control
    Setting up a feed analysis laboratory, and implementing a quality assurance system compliant with ISO/IEC 17025:2005
    2013
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    Animal feed quality is crucial in the livestock sector. This document presents the sequence of activities for establishing a Feed Quality Analysis Laboratory – from initial planning, building and layout; through hiring suitable staff and selecting methods and equipment; and culminating in accreditation, based on an estimated four-year time frame. The Quality Management System is stressed, and the document highlights validation of methods, personnel and training; systematic equipment maintena nce and calibration; proficiency testing; quality control procedures; reporting; and auditing.
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    Document
    Livestock based Livelihood & Environment in Saurashtra and Kutch region 2005
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    Livestock production is the traditional and one of the important sources of livelihood of farmers in India. The increasing contribution of livestock in poverty reduction is very well recognised, especially in the semi-arid and arid regions of India where crop farming has limited possibility. India has 20% of world’s livestock population. India’s livestock population of 450 million large and small animals depends on a very meagre area for green fodder. The large livestock population has put tremendous pressure on the land available. Farmers mainly make use of common property resources to feed their animals. Demographic pressure contributes to conversion of grazing areas into croplands and has accelerated degradation of many grazing areas. Though crops leave straw and weeds after harvest, the crop encroachment disrupts pastoral areas, causing artificial grazing pressure. Trees, usable for browsing, are cut to clear fields. In the absence of appropriate mitigation schemes, the p ressure on the environment further increases, rendering land more vulnerable to weather effects. Rapid depletion of natural resources, especially common property resources, partly due to growing human and livestock population and partly due to adoption of non-sustainable practices, have seriously affected the poor, marginalized and landless people, especially women, who have depended on these resources for their livestock and their own livelihood. The increased demand for animal protein ( livestock revolution) enhanced the demand on natural resources.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Contribution of terrestrial animal source food to healthy diets for improved nutrition and health outcomes
    An evidence and policy overview on the state of knowledge and gaps
    2023
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    Diverse foods derived from livestock production systems, including grazing and pastoralist systems, and from the hunting of wild animals, provide high-quality proteins, important fatty acids and various vitamins and minerals – contributing to healthy diets for improved nutrition and health. Livestock species are adapted to a wide range of environments, including areas that are unsuitable for crop production. Globally, more than a billion people depend on livestock value chains for their livelihoods. Small-scale livestock farmers and pastoralists make up a large proportion of livestock producers. Well integrated livestock production increases the resilience of small-scale farming systems. Livestock also provide other important ecosystem services in landscape management, provide energy and help to improve soil fertility. Rangeland or grassland ecosystems occupy some 40 percent of the world’s terrestrial area. Livestock keepers raise grazing animals to transform grassland vegetation into food. Challenges related to high resource utilization and pollution, food–feed competition, greenhouse-gas emissions, antimicrobial resistance and animal welfare as well as zoonotic and food-borne diseases, accessibility and affordability need to be solved if agrifood systems are to become more sustainable. FAO’s Committee on Agriculture requested a comprehensive, science- and evidence-based global assessment of the contribution of livestock to food security, sustainable food systems, nutrition and healthy diets, considering environmental, economic and social sustainability. The assessment consists of four component documents. This first component document provides a holistic analysis of the contribution of terrestrial animal source food to healthy diets for improved nutrition and health outcomes over the course of people’s lives.

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