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Development of Food-Based Dietary Guidelines and Strengthening of Extension Services for Improved Food and Nutrition Security in Mozambique - TCP/MOZ/3704








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    Project
    Emergency Agriculture Livelihoods Support for Displaced People and Host Communities in the Province of Cabo Delgado, Northern Mozambique - TCP/MOZ/3804 2023
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    Extremely susceptible to climate shocks, Mozambique has experienced cyclical droughts and flooding in the last few years, including two major cyclones in 2019. These extreme weather events have compounded the high poverty levels and increased vulnerability across most of the country. According to the Integrated Phase Classification for the period April to September 2022, approximately 1 444 000 people were estimated to be experiencing high levels of acute food insecurity and to be in need of humanitarian assistance. Of these, more than 1.1 million people are in the four provinces of Cabo Delgado, Niassa, Nampula and Zambézia, where many of the country’s Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are concentrated. In Cabo Delgado, the conflict continues to exacerbate the food insecurity crisis. Violent attacks by insurgents are increasing and expanding to new districts, with the situation expected to become worse. Currently, 1 028 743 people have been displaced as a result of the insecurity situation and the number of people in need in northern Mozambique has been estimated at 1.4 million. Both IDPs and their host communities are fully dependent on agriculture, fishery, livestock and forestry production for their livelihoods and income. The intensity of the crisis and its impact on the food and nutrition security of the affected populations call for timely and coordinated humanitarian support to rebuild agricultural livelihoods and enable people to become self-reliant and productive once again.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Northern Mozambique | Response overview – January 2022
    Cabo Delgado, Nampula and Niassa
    2022
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    According to the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis, nearly 1.9 million people are experiencing high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above) in Mozambique, including almost 40 000 people in emergency (IPC Phase 4). About 71 percent (1.3 million people) of these people are in four provinces: Cabo Delgado, Niassa, Nampula and Zambézia. The main cause of food insecurity is the ongoing conflict in Cabo Delgado and its spillover effects. The number of people displaced by the crisis has risen sharply from 110 000 in March 2021 to over 820 000 in December 2021, according to government estimates. Other key drivers include: the shortage of rainfall or irregular rains in parts of Gaza, Inhambane, Manica, Maputo, Nampula and Tete provinces; increasing food prices; and the impact of necessary restrictive measures to confine the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. FAO continues to take a leadership role in the agriculture livelihood response across Mozambique, including in the most remote areas in the north. This includes investing in the agriculture sector (crops, fisheries, livestock and forestry) to restore livelihoods and enhance food security and nutrition for the most vulnerable internally displaced people (IDP) and host community populations. The timely provision of seeds, tools and technical assistance and planting of crops produces enough nutritious food to guarantee self-sufficiency for three to six months for an average household of five. This document provides an overview of FAO's humanitarian response in Mozambique in 2021 and outlines key priorities for 2022.
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    Development of National Food-Based Dietary Guidelines for Botswana - TCP/BOT/3703 2022
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    African countries are undergoing a nutrition transition marked by changes in food consumption patterns and sub optimal diets Globalization, urbanization and changes in food supply and lifestyle have resulted in a shift in dietary habits, a loss of dietary diversity and the disappearance of traditional food cultures These changes, coupled with the increased availability and marketing of products of low nutritional value, highlight the need for consistent, simple and practical dietary guidance to enable populations to select healthy diets, to prevent disease and to guide countries in food, health and agriculture policy development A lack of awareness of nutrition and a limited ability to make healthy food choices are among the factors leading to a lack of dietary diversity The existence of both under nutrition and over nutrition, and the associated non communicable diseases ( indicate a need to inform the population of Botswana about healthy eating and healthy life styles In Botswana, the prevalence of stunting among children under the age of five was 25 9 percent in 2007 In 2006 15 2 percent of children under the age of five were obese In 2016 18 8 percent of adults in Botswana were overweight, and 11 8 percent were obese.

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