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Support Government in Development and Implementation of the National Food Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDGS) - TCP/KEN/3704








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    Project
    Development of National Food-Based Dietary Guidelines for Botswana - TCP/BOT/3703 2022
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    African countries are undergoing a nutrition transition marked by changes in food consumption patterns and sub optimal diets Globalization, urbanization and changes in food supply and lifestyle have resulted in a shift in dietary habits, a loss of dietary diversity and the disappearance of traditional food cultures These changes, coupled with the increased availability and marketing of products of low nutritional value, highlight the need for consistent, simple and practical dietary guidance to enable populations to select healthy diets, to prevent disease and to guide countries in food, health and agriculture policy development A lack of awareness of nutrition and a limited ability to make healthy food choices are among the factors leading to a lack of dietary diversity The existence of both under nutrition and over nutrition, and the associated non communicable diseases ( indicate a need to inform the population of Botswana about healthy eating and healthy life styles In Botswana, the prevalence of stunting among children under the age of five was 25 9 percent in 2007 In 2006 15 2 percent of children under the age of five were obese In 2016 18 8 percent of adults in Botswana were overweight, and 11 8 percent were obese.
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    Support the Implementation of SADC Food and Nutrition Security Strategy 2015-2025 - TCP/SFS/3703 2022
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    The Southern African Development Community is made up of 16 Member States The region continues to battle against the triple burden of malnutrition undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies and overnutrition The principal causes of malnutrition are inadequate diet and diseases such as HIV and non communicable diseases According to the Joint Malnutrition Estimates of 2021 all countries in the region are classified as having high or very high levels of stunting Wasting and overweight are also of public health concern, with six countries having wasting at above 5 percent and three countries having overweight at above 10 percent Food insecurity is prevalent According to the SADC synthesis report for 2021 based on data submitted by ten countries in the region, around 47 6 million people are food insecure Because of the high level of food insecurity, most diets are cereal based and limited in dietary diversity The lack of diversity has also contributed to the high levels of micronutrient deficiencies in the region All countries have over 20 percent prevalence and many are off track according to the Global Nutrition Report The consequences of malnutrition include restricted physical and cognitive development of individuals, often leading to poor social and economic development Governments have a responsibility to create an enabling environment that encourages consumers to make healthy food choices and access high quality diets, thereby reducing healthcare costs and improving productivity and economic development In recognition of the importance of an integrated approach, SADC developed a Food and Nutrition Security Strategy 2015 2025 to support SADC Member States in addressing food insecurity and malnutrition The FNSS was endorsed and adopted by the SADC Council of Ministers in August 2014 This project was implemented within the larger framework of the SADC FNSS, based on the gaps identified by the Member States.
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    Book (series)
    Europe and Central Asia - Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition 2023
    Statistics and trends
    2023
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    The Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia for 2023 – Statistics and Trends provides a comprehensive analysis of Sustainable Development Goal 2, focusing specifically on Target 2.1 (ending hunger and ensuring universal access to food) and Target 2.2 (eradicating all forms of malnutrition). Additionally, the report evaluates progress concerning three global nutrition targets: adult obesity, exclusive breastfeeding, and low birthweight, as endorsed by the 2012 World Health Assembly. It also offers an updated analysis of the cost and affordability of a healthy diet within the Europe and Central Asia region.Recent estimates affirm that hunger prevalence remains relatively low in the ECA region. Food insecurity at moderate or severe levels is notably lower compared to global estimates. However, food insecurity levels remain significantly higher than those recorded before the COVID-19 pandemic. Although the ECA region has made significant strides in reducing undernutrition overall, some countries still exhibit relatively high rates of stunting (over 10 percent) and wasting (over 3 percent). Overall, the region is not on track in addressing childhood overweight, adult obesity, anemia among women aged 15 to 49, and exclusive breastfeeding.Healthy diets play a crucial role in safeguarding against the impacts of malnutrition, fostering improved health outcomes. Notably, in the past year, the Western Balkans experienced the highest cost for a healthy diet within the region, surpassing both the ECA and global averages. Overall, there has been an increase in the number of individuals able to afford a healthy diet over the past year, while the percentage unable to afford it remains significantly lower than the global estimate.

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