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Phytosanitary procedures for seed certification










FAO. 2024. Phytosanitary procedures for seed certification. APPPC Regional Implementation Guidance, No.1. Bangkok. 


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    Regional Standard for Phytosanitary Measures (RSPM) for Mango Fruit
    RSPM for Mango Fruit
    2021
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    Mango (Mangifera indica) fruit is one of important fruit commodities. Its production has been growing in the Asia and Pacific region. However, its trade is sometimes hindered by pests when they are introduced to importing countries and have the potential of negative economic impacts. Pests that move with fresh mango and have historically posed a serious threat to agriculture include fruit flies, fruit boring moths and beetles, as well as scale insects and mealybugs. Risks of such pests may vary within and between countries. In this connection, importing NPPOs should conduct pest risk analysis (PRA) to identify quarantine pests and provide the technical justification for phytosanitary import requirements. Hence a regional standard has been developed. The standard will help promote trade by providing a set of harmonized measures that may be applied to the management of pest risks identified by the PRA. Where appropriate, pests are grouped according to the measures that effectively manage pest risk. This standard provides guidance on procedures for establishing phytosanitary import requirements. It identifies and describes specific phytosanitary measures that could be implemented to reduce pest risk and provides guidance on sampling, inspection and phytosanitary certification of mango fruit for export. This standard also provides national plant protection organizations (NPPOs) with guidance on reducing the risk of introduction of specific pests associated with the international movement of fresh mango fruit intended for consumption or processing. This standard applies to all varieties of mango fruit with or without a small section of fruit stalk (pedicel) attached but without leaves or stem. Some major pests of mango fruit, and measures to manage them are also included in this standard. These measures include those that have been adopted as International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs) as well as those that are used by APPPC member countries to reduce the movement of pests with the international trade of fresh mango. This standard does not address the issues related to living modified organisms, food safety, climate change, quality of mango fruit, or diversion from intended use.
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    ISPM 38. International movement of seeds
    Adopted 2017
    2021
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    This standard provides guidance to assist national plant protection organizations (NPPOs) in identifying, assessing and managing the pest risk associated with the international movement of seeds (as a commodity). The standard also provides guidance on procedures to establish phytosanitary import requirements to facilitate the international movement of seeds; on inspection, sampling and testing of seeds; and on the phytosanitary certification of seeds for export and re-export. Under ISPM 5 (Glossary of phytosanitary terms) seeds (as a commodity) are intended for planting and not for consumption. Viable seeds, which are a sample of a seed lot, imported for laboratory testing or destructive analysis are also addressed by this standard. This standard does not apply to grain or vegetative plant parts (e.g. tubers of potatoes).
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    ISPM 12. Phytosanitary certificates
    Adopted 2022
    2022
    This standard provides the requirements and guidelines for the preparation and issuance of phytosanitary certificates (phytosanitary certificates for export and phytosanitary certificates for re-export). Specific guidance on requirements and components of a phytosanitary certification system to be established by national plant protection organizations (NPPOs) is provided in ISPM 7 (Phytosanitary certification system).

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