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Nutrition in protracted crises










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    Booklet
    Meeting fuel and energy needs in protracted crises 2016
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    This note focuses on the topic of access to fuel and energy in protracted crises, and the possible solutions using the SAFE approach, illustrated by case studies from FAO's interventions in protracted crisis situations. Access to fuel and energy – vital for food security – is often highly constrained in protracted crises. The risks posed by limited access to fuel and energy are multiple and diverse depending on the context, including malnutrition, environmental degradation, a high work burden fo r women, gender-based violence (GBV) and unsustainable livelihood activities. The inter-agency Safe Access to Fuel and Energy (SAFE) initiative and FAO’s work on SAFE address the multi-sectoral challenges associated with energy and contribute to resilience-building in protracted crises. They also make a contribution to a number of principles in the Committee on Food Security Framework for Action (CFS-FFA). This guidance note draws on FAO experience and lessons learned to support FAO staff and st rategic partners in addressing energy access as part of food and nutrition security interventions in situations of protracted crisis. Its purpose is to contribute to the implementation of the CFS-FFA principles and demonstrate that understanding and responding to fuel and energy needs and related risks are critical for effective and sustainable food and nutrition security interventions in protracted crises.
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    Booklet
    Livestock in protracted crises 2016
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    This note focuses on the topic of livestock in protracted crises, presenting the callenges and some possible solutions, illustrated by case studies from FAO interventions in such contexts. Protracted crises are one of the most challenging contexts in which to fight hunger, malnutrition and poverty. In such contexts, protecting, saving and rebuilding agricultural livelihoods to save lives and create the conditions for longer-term resilience is a key step towards ensuring peace and stability. Howe ver, the role of the agriculture sector in crisis situations is too often overlooked and the necessary investments not made. Livestock contribute 40 % of the global value of agricultural output and support the livelihoods and food security of almost a 1.3 billion people. Beyond their direct role in generating food and income, livestock are a valuable asset, serving as a store of wealth, collateral for credit and an essential safety net during times of crisis. Livestock-based interventions, using a combination of humanitarian and development approaches, can have a significant impact in strenghtening the resilience of livelihoods depending on animal husbandry.
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    Booklet
    Information and analysis in protracted crises 2016
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    This note focuses on the topic of Information and analysis in protracted crises, and presents possible interventions and combinations of interventions, based on case studies of FAO interventions in such contexts. Timely, reliable and demand-driven information is essential to dealing with protracted crises. In such contexts, information gaps and information fragmentation are the two major challenges, especially as food security is a multidimensional phenomenon. Food Security Information Systems l ed by Governments can overcome these challenges, ensuring integrated and coordinated efforts to provide policy-driven data, even in protracted crisis situations. The capacity of national governments to manage such information systems must be developed. Sustainable and coordinated information is required for greater preparedness via early warning systems, strengthening resilience and monitoring impacts. Mobile technologies provide new opportunities particularly interesting in crisis contexts, alo ngside face-to-face surveys. Standardisation of indicators and analysis processes is essential to build a common understanding of the needs and inform coordinated action. The way ahead, including the use of FAO-backed initiatives, is complex and must be multi-sectoral, involving the innovative use of joint strategies for resilience strengthening.

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