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Innovative agriculture, livestock and natural resource management in Somalia

Gender-sensitive approaches promoted by the Rome-based Agencies Resilience Initiative









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    Promoting lasting resolutions to land conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
    A people-centered approach promoted by the Rome-based Agencies Resilience Initiative
    2023
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    From 2017 until 2023, the United Nations Rome-based agencies – the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the International Fund for Agricultural Development and the World Food Programme – implemented a joint initiative funded by Canada aimed at strengthening resilience for food security and nutrition, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of Niger and Somalia. This joint programme aimed to bridge humanitarian and development objectives and meet immediate food needs while sustainably increasing food security in regions affected by protracted and recurrent crises, with a specific focus on vulnerable women and children. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, communities benefited from an innovative combination of: Food Assistance for Assets; smallholder value chain development; and financial inclusion. FAO has been promoting land access, while facilitating dialogue between landowners and smallholder tenants, in collaboration with landowner associations in three territories of North Kivu. A permanent discussion forum was established and a workshop with 30 participants, was held between the two stakeholders. Initial negotiations were conducted in 2018; this led to the signing of a collective convention known as the Social Territorial Pact within Rutshuru territory (North Kivu). This five-year resilience initiative involved structuring farmers into Farmers’ Groups to enable dialogue with landowner associations. This process included an assessment of the territory, an examination of land access constraints, community dialogue, and the establishment of a collective convention known as the Social Territorial Pact. This good practice highlights the impacts and lessons learned of FAO's activities in the context of the Rome-based agencies' initiative.
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    Innovative ways of managing Prosopis juliflora trees in Somalia
    Safeguarding agricultural and pastoralist livelihoods by transforming a longstanding threat into a sustainable resource for women and youth
    2020
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    Prosopis juliflora is a thorny, dominant and thirsty tree species that has invaded the main grazing areas in many countries in the Horn of Africa (HoA), posing a major threat to rural livelihoods. The scale of Prosopis expansion is dramatic in the region, e.g. more than one million hectares in both Kenya and Ethiopia, respectively. Widespread planting of Prosopis in Somalia took place in the 1980s as a response to deforestation during and after the Ethio-Somali war and subsequent droughts. Since then it has spread vigorously, invading at least 550,000 hectares in Somaliland alone. However, the Prosopis expansion in Somalia is at a relatively early stage compared to other countries in HoA and there is an opportunity to introduce management before it is too late. Between 2016-18, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in Somalia collaborated with the NGO Pastoral and Environmental Network in the Horn of Africa (PENHA) and developed a project entitled “Supporting communities in Somaliland to ‘make Prosopis make money’ through Cash-For-Work (CFW) and small business development”, in Berbera, Odweyne and Toghdeer districts of Somaliland. This project was a component of the Joint Programme on Youth Employment (YES) between the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and United Nations (UN). It aimed to create entrepreneurial and employment opportunities for women and youth to efficiently manage Prosopis pods by processing them into animal livestock feed supplements and charcoal. Moreover, the project established and fostered livestock feed processing cooperatives by creating market linkages.
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    Rome-based Agencies - Resilience Initiative
    Strengthening the resilience of livelihoods in protracted crises in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Niger and Somalia
    2018
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    Canada is partnering with the United Nations Rome-based agencies (RBAs) – the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the World Food Programme (WFP) – to further test in the field their joint Conceptual framework for strengthening resilience for food security and nutrition. To do that, we are making a unique commitment to addressing humanitarian food assistance needs in protracted crises by contributing 50 million Canadian dollars (USD 38 million) for the implementation of an innovative, five-year programme in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Niger and Somalia. Particular attention will be paid to addressing the specific eeds of women, men, girls and boys.

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