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Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing. Revised Edition











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    Book (stand-alone)
    Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing / Accord relatif aux mesures du ressort de l’État du port visant à prévenir, contrecarrer et éliminer la pêche illicite, non déclarée et non réglementée / Acuerdo sobre medidas del Estado rector del puerto destinadas a prevenir, desalentar y eliminar la pesca ilegal, no declarada y no reglamentada 2010
    The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing seeks to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing through the adoption and implementation of effective port State measures as a means of ensuring the long-term conservation and sustainable use of living marine resources. The intention is that the Agreement will be applied widely and effectively by Parties, in their capacities as port States, for vessels not entitled to fly their flags. It will apply to these vessels when seeking entry to Parties’ ports or while they are in port. Certain artisanal fishing and container vessels will be exempt. The Agreement gives special emphasis to the requirements of developing countries to support their efforts to implement the Agreement.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Report of the first meeting of the Parties to the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, Oslo, Norway, 29-31 May 2017 2017
    This document contains the report of the first meeting of the Parties to the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing held in Oslo, Norway, from 29 to 31 May 2017. The Parties agreed that FAO assumes the role of Secretariat for the meeting. The need for concerted action by port States, flag States and other States in the implementation of the Agreement, together with the important role of FAO, regional fisheries management organ izations (RFMOs) and other international organizations and bodies, was recognized. The Parties noted the value of drawing lessons from existing relevant initiatives of RFMOs and other international organizations. The Parties agreed that a staged approach should be adopted with regards to data exchange and called for the establishment of an open-ended technical working group to provide guidance on the development of data exchange mechanisms. FAO was tasked with developing templates for reporting of information on national contact points, designated ports and other relevant information for the implementation of the Agreement, and to publish the information through a dedicated section within the FAO website. The Parties established the Working Group under Part 6 of the Agreement and its terms of reference were adopted. The Parties called upon the Secretariat to develop a specific web-based questionnaire for the purpose of monitoring implementation of the Agreement, as well as recording ch allenges faced, which is to be completed every two years initially. The Secretariat was also requested to prepare draft Rules of Procedure for meetings of the Parties and any subsidiary working groups based on the General Rules of the FAO, and relevant rules of the Committee on Fisheries, for consideration at the next meeting of the Parties. The Parties agreed to hold meetings every two years along with supplementary technical meetings as required.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Combating illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing 2024
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    Illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing remains one of the greatest threats to marine ecosystems because it undermines national and regional fisheries conservation and management efforts. It also jeopardizes livelihoods, exacerbates poverty, and increases food insecurity. The FAO Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (PSMA), in force since 2016, is the first binding international agreement targeting IUU fishing practices. Its objective is to combat IUU fishing by preventing vessels engaged in such activities from using ports and landing their catches. To support its implementation, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has established auxiliary tools like the PSMA Global Information Exchange System. This system allows countries to upload inspection data under the PSMA and create a track record for each vessel, thus providing crucial intelligence in the fight against IUU fishing. FAO has assisted Ecuadorian authorities since 2019 to strengthen their policies and regulations to combat IUU fishing. It has also assisted Guinea in improving its ability to fulfil its flag, port, coastal and market State responsibilities in line with its commitments as a Party to the PSMA and complementary international instruments. A policy and strategy for fisheries monitoring, control and surveillance, prepared by FAO and the Mozambique government, became law in 2023.

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