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Performance-based training for smallholder producers in Ukraine

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    Book (stand-alone)
    Microfinance and forest-based small-scale enterprises 2005
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    Communities around the world rely on forests for their livelihoods, not only for domestic uses but also for income, frequently obtained through small-scale, often family-run enterprises. The sustainable development of such enterprises is increasingly recognized as a key to poverty reduction but is often hindered by lack of financial inputs or poor access to microfinance services. This publication reviews the specific microfinance needs of small-scale enterprises given the often seasonal and unpr edictable nature of forest-based activities. It analyses the constraints they face when trying to obtain microfinance services – including a lack of familiarity with formal financial institutions and insufficient capital or collateral for access to traditional banking services – and identifies ways to overcome these challenges. The publication examines the role that different types of microfinance institutions, such as banks, non-governmental organizations, cooperatives and credit unions, can pl ay for small-scale enterprises and forest communities. It discusses, in addition to microcredit, a comprehensive range of services including savings, group lending, leasing, insurance and cash transfers. The strengths and weaknesses of different approaches are illustrated through four case studies in Nepal, Guatemala, the Sudan and Peru. This book will be a useful reference for those involved in designing policies and projects for the development of forest communities, as well as for those provi ding financial services to small enterprises in rural areas.
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    Policy brief
    Agricultural cooperatives, responsible sourcing and risk-based due diligence 2022
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    The objective of this technical paper is to consider how agricultural cooperatives in developing and transitional economies can help reduce adverse environmental, social and development impacts in global agricultural value chains (GVCs), including through risk-based due diligence. As an increasing number of governments begin to advance new or more stringent corporate sustainability and due diligence regulations, this paper assesses how agricultural cooperatives in developing contexts can adapt their training and extension services to help members, including smallholder farmers, meet the changing market needs on responsible agricultural production and sourcing. By implementing key recommendations from the OECD-FAO Guidance for Responsible Agricultural Supply Chains and it’s five-step framework for risk-based due diligence, cooperatives can demonstrate their compliance with government-backed standards on responsible business conduct (RBC) and increase their competitiveness as a responsible supplier in GVCs. For downstream companies, this brief highlights the risks, challenges and opportunities smallholder producers and their cooperatives may face to meet buyer food quality, safety and sustainable production requirements. Further, governments and other actors, such as non-governmental organizations, may find this paper useful in considering how agricultural trade and development policies can better support cooperatives in meeting downstream responsible sourcing requirements.
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    Book (series)
    Development of a credit and insurance programme for small-scale fisheries in the Philippines 2022
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    Small-scale fisheries (SSF) make an important contribution to nutrition, food security, sustainable livelihoods, and poverty alleviation in the Philippines. The Agricultural Credit Policy Council (ACPC) with support from the Asia and Pacific Rural and Agricultural Credit Association (APRACA) and FAO implemented a project from 2020 to 2021 to analyse and improve the availability of financial services to SSF in the Philippines. This circular describes the steps taken by the project implementing agencies and partners in the development of a credit and insurance programme for small-scale fisheries. The document summarizes the project’s achievements and includes information about its outputs, such as training materials, a list of stakeholders and the established network. The project identified the main stakeholders involved in the financial service provision to SSF. The team then surveyed and analysed the current supply of financial and insurance services as well as the demand for such services by fishers and fisherfolk organizations. Based on the survey results, ACPC developed training materials, which follow a train-the-trainer approach. Trainings were conducted in November 2021 for representatives from government organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), financial institutions (both public, private and microfinance institutions) and fisherfolk organizations. The trainings covered business development services for the SSF and the processes used by financial institutions to supply financial services to SSF. ACPC and APRACA established a network of stakeholders interested in exchanging experiences and increasing financial service provision to SSF. The PhilNet SSF network was launched on 29 November 2021. Eighteen institutions participated in 2021 in the network, demonstrating a wide interest in engaging on the subject. Several financial sector stakeholders involved in the project have made efforts to increase their financial services provision to SSF. The project laid the groundwork for further improving financial and insurance services provision to SSF in the Philippines.

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