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Seed Industry Privatization - Strengthening National Seed Production Capacity in Afghanistan

Proceedings of a workshop on Seed Industry Privatization, 6-8 December 2004, Kabul, Afghanistan









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    Efficiency of wheat seed production and scope for crop diversification in the Afghanistan seed Industry 2010
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    (i) Assess the efficiency of wheat seed production as the basis of the Afghanistan seed industry (ii) Determine how quality seed production in Afghanistan could become commercially viable and self-driven according to market forces. (iii) Assess the capacity of the Afghanistan market to effectively absorb seed quantities and types to be delivered by the project and how the market could be enhanced to do so. (iv) Scope of crop diversification and how this could be enhanced.
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    Analysis of the Seed Market in Afghanistan
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    n order to generate relevant information about seed demand, the FAO/EC project Strengthening National Seed Production Capacity in Afghanistan (GCP/AFG/018/EC) organized a Survey in May- June 2004, which was carried out by the Coordination of Afghan Relief (CoAR) Survey Unit (formerly called the Afghan Survey Unit) to: (i) examine the seed buying behaviour of farming households with the view to estimate the potential deman d for quality see d of major crops; (ii) investigate possibilities for market-oriented seed production; and (iii) examine the nature of prices and farmers’ attitudes regarding variety choice and seed us e, and explore ways to influence these to promote demand for quality seed. The Survey was based on a random selection of 2 887 farming households who contributed to the completion of 3 508 questionnaires, with each questionnaire obtaining information for a particular crop. Since no record was kept of households who supplied information for more than one crop, this report treats each completed questionnaire as information from one farmer.
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    Guidelines for the establishment and management of seed testing laboratories
    Joint ISTA and FAO Handbook
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    This Joint ISTA and FAO Handbook provides comprehensive guidelines for the setting up and managing of seed testing laboratories, including those that cater to small- and medium-scale seed enterprises and farmers’ cooperatives, which operate in low input production systems. The adherence to the guidelines by seed testing laboratories results in the use of uniform procedures across the board thereby facilitating inter-laboratory transferability of data. This harmonization enhances confidence in seed quality assurance mechanisms. The publication is an update of a previous one that was also jointly published by both organizations in 1969 and revised in 1979 and 1983. Its utility is enhanced by a set of new up-to-date information that builds upon existing data. The Handbook provides guidance on the range of seed testing equipment, procedures, and management systems that have become available in the several decades since the previous editions. Seed testing is a critical component of the seed value chain and is essential for the production of quality seeds, i.e. seeds that are alive, can germinate and produce vigorous seedlings; are healthy and come from lots that meet set thresholds for genetic and analytical purity. The Handbook covers all aspects of seed testing, from laboratory design and equipment selection to sample preparation, testing methods, and data analysis. Importantly, the publication also addresses the challenges of testing seeds in low input systems and provides guidance on how to adapt procedures to these settings. Therefore, it serves as a reference material and training resource for everyone involved in seed quality assurance procedures, in particular the personnel of seed testing laboratories and regulatory agencies; seed producers and farmers. The updated publication represents a significant improvement over previous guidelines, as it incorporates advances in technology and provides guidance on a broader range of testing procedures. The guidelines are designed to be adaptable to different contexts and seed types and include recommendations for quality management systems, proficiency testing, and inter-laboratory comparisons, which are essential for ensuring the accuracy and reliability of seed testing results.

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