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Practical guidelines on pesticide risk reduction for locust control in Caucasus and Central Asia










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    Book (stand-alone)
    Guidelines for personal protection when handling and applying pesticides
    International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management
    2020
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    These guidelines are intended to provide guidance on pesticide risk reduction through reduced exposure by effective personal protection with special attention to the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). First, they provide technical information on personal protection and on the selection and use of PPE. Second, in line with the FAO/WHO International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management, they address policy issues and recommend measures to improve personal protection and specifically the use and availability of adequate quality and affordable PPE. They are primarily aimed at government authorities in charge of pesticide management and risk reduction, but are also considered useful to public and private sectors such as pesticide industry, non-governmental organisations (NGO) and other relevant entities. More specifically, these guidelines are targeted at stakeholders in low and middle income countries (LMICs) where it is acknowledged that there is limited legislation, compliance and enforcement, and PPE availability. These Guidelines were developed by the FAO/WHO Joint Meeting on Pesticide Management (JMPM) to provide guidance on provisions in the Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management that are related to personal protection of pesticide users. They are meant to enhance current national legislation and regulations on personal protection and personal protective equipment (PPE) or where there is none, to provide guidance. They reflect the FAO/WHO joint approach on pesticide management, thus addressing personal protection of both agricultural and public health operators/applicators, the latter being engaged in using insecticides for vector control.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    The sequential aerosol technique
    A major component in an integrated strategy of intervention against Riverine Tsetse in Ghana
    2013
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    An integrated strategy of intervention against tsetse flies was implemented in the Upper West Region of Ghana (9.62u–11.00u N, 1.40u–2.76u W), covering an area of <18,000 km2 within the framework of the Pan-African Tsetse and Trypanosomosis Eradication Campaign. Two species were targeted: Glossina tachinoides and Glossina palpalis gambiensis. Methodology/Principal Findings: The objectives were to test the potentiality of the sequential aerosol technique (SAT) to eliminate riverine tsetse spe cies in a challenging subsection (dense tree canopy and high tsetse densities) of the total sprayed area (6,745 km2) and the subsequent efficacy of an integrated strategy including ground spraying (<100 km2), insecticide treated targets (20,000) and insecticide treated cattle (45,000) in sustaining the results of tsetse suppression in the whole intervention area. The aerial application of low-dosage deltamethrin aerosols (0.33–0.35 g a.i/ha) was conducted along the three main rivers using five c ustom designed fixed-wings Turbo thrush aircraft. The impact of SAT on tsetse densities was monitored using 30 biconical traps deployed from two weeks before until two weeks after the operations. Results of the SAT monitoring indicated an overall reduction rate of 98% (from a pre-intervention mean apparent density per trap per day (ADT) of 16.7 to 0.3 at the end of the fourth and last cycle). One year after the SAT operations, a second survey using 200 biconical traps set in 20 sites during 3 we eks was conducted throughout the intervention area to measure the impact of the integrated control strategy. Both target species were still detected, albeit at very low densities (ADT of 0.27 inside sprayed blocks and 0.10 outside sprayed blocks). Conclusions/Significance: The SAT operations failed to achieve elimination in the monitored section, but the subsequent integrated strategy maintained high levels of suppression throughout the intervention area, which will contribute to improving ani mal health, increasing animal production and fostering food security.
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    Booklet
    Standard operating procedures for operating, maintenance and storage of desert locust sprayers
    Ultra-low volume vehicle mounted sprayer (passive drift)
    2022
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    The ultra-low volume vehicle mounted sprayer (passive drift - ULVAMAST V4M ) is a piece of equipment adopted by locust ground teams to perform ground control operations. The vehicle-mounted sprayer adopts the ULV technology, allowing lower concentrations of insecticide to be required during control operations, minimising the risk of environmental and human health. The sprayer was selected based on technical reports and related references that indicate the importance, effectiveness and efficiency of this sprayer against desert locusts. The SOP is an essential guideline on the sprayer's setup, calibration, use, maintenance and storage. Locust field officers must be proficient will all the steps required to perform successful control operations.

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