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2010年世界水产养殖












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    Comprehensive Report IOTC-OFCF Project (Phase III) (June 2010 ~ March 2013) 2014
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    The Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the IOTC and the Overseas Fishery Cooperation Foundation of Japan (OFCF) was initiated in April 2002, with providing technical guidance for Projects to assist developing countries in the Indian Ocean region to improve the data collection and quality of fisheries statistics. Phases I (April 2002 - March 2007) and II (June 2007 -March 2010) of the Project ran for eight consecutive years. The success of Phase I and II of the Project, the OFCF agreed to support the implementation of a new phase (Phase III) for a maximum of three years from 2010 to 2012. The Terms of Reference of Phase III focus on support of IOTC coastal countries in the strengthening of activities related to the Regiol Observer Scheme, specially focusing on artisal fisheries in IOTC Resolution 11/04, 4. The number of the artisal fishing vessels landings shall also be monitored at the landing place by field samplers. The indicative level of the coverage of the artisal fishing v essels should progressively increase towards 5% of the total levels of vessel activity (i.e. total number of vessel trips or total number of vessels active). A new MOU between the IOTC and the OFCF was signed in June 15th 2010 including the provision of funds and detachment of an OFCF Expert to the IOTC Secretariat in June 30th to coordite the activities of the Project, along with the IOTC Data Coorditor and other staff from the Secretariat, as required. The duration of Phase III of the Project is three years, until March 2013, with funds committed for each year and extension of the Project agreed through exchange of letters between the IOTC and the OFCF. The Project keeps the following three main principles since 2002: ? The activities undertaken under the Project follow the recommendations of the Commission and its relevant subsidiary bodies: the Working Parties and the Scientific Committee. ? There will be no direct fincial implications for IOTC Member countries. ? The activities of the Project should be directed towards reinforcing the statistical systems of developing countries from the region. The present comprehensive report covers the activities of the IOTC-OFCF Project from June 2010 to March 2013, and also includes an overview of the activities implemented through Phase I and Phase II. The following activities were implemented by the Project during Phase III: 1. Comoros: The Project carried out frame survey and Census during January and May 2011, and July and Septem ber 2012 in line with the port sampling activities funded by IOTC and EU, and also provided the training course on catch estimation based on the data collected from the frame and census survey and port sampling activities. Prelimiry estimates of catch and effort were made by the Project. Port sampling scheme used this program showed possibility of 5% coverage of vessels activities 2. Indonesia: The Project held a workshop on the Indonesia catch estimation in March 2012, with the collaboration of the Indonesian Directorate General of Capture Fisheries and other tiol and intertiol organizations including non-government. The Project also published workshop reports in English ad Indonesia in September 2012. 3. Sri Lanka: The Project carried out upgrading the Centralized Database Magement System. This System was in place in the Ministry of Fisheries and Aquatic Fisheries Resource Development in March 2012. The Project also assisted to improve port sampling from November 2012 to February 201 3. The improved sampling aims to cover at least 5% of vessels activities around Sri Lanka 4. Iran: The Project carried out upgrading the Centralized Database Magement System through technical advices including provision of equipment. This System was in place in the Ministry of Fisheries 5. Mauritius: The Project sent a mission to assess and evaluate the collection and processing system of local fisheries including foreign fresh-tu longline fisheries, especially focusing on Albacore, following a recommendation made by the working party on Temperate Tus in August 2012. The Project contributed to improving the quality and quantity of the statistics available at the IOTC, including better catch and effort and size data in conjunction with port sampling activities under the Observer scheme. In addition, the Project addressed recommendations for future cooperation with OFCF which may lead to significant improvements in the area of data collection, processing and reporting. On numerous occasi ons, the IOTC Scientific Committee and other IOTC technical bodies stressed the importance of the activities initiated by the Project, noting that the information collected is of key importance for the assessments of some of the main IOTC stocks.
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    The Lao Census of Agriculture of 2010/11: Analysis of selected themes
    Vientiane, October 2014
    2014
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    The second Lao Census of Agriculture (LCA) in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) was carried out in 2011 and collected crop data for the wet season of 2011 and the dry season of 2010/11. The LCA 2010/11created an important and rich set of data on a wide range of key agricultural topics, with connections to related fields such as forestry, fisheries, infrastructure, and rural development. These data are immensely useful for decision-makers, researchers and project managers, among othe rs, working in Lao PDR. However, the census data on their own can be challenging to interpret and use without contextual understanding, references to other related sources of data and information, and comparison with previous census data. In order to make the data accessible for a wide audience, it is necessary to provide initial analysis. It is for this reason that the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF), with assistance from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (F AO), has produced this report, which analyses selected themes from the LCA 2010/11 and draws out some important changes that have taken place during recent years through comparisons with the previous LCA conducted in 1998/99.
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    Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture Publications 2010-2015 2014
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    Since 2010 the Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme has contributed to making agriculture more climate-smart. The programme complements other FAO and United Nations efforts to address climate change and collaborates with the UN-REDD Programme in the reduction of deforestation. The technical information presented in these publications and briefs reflects several years of research and practical field work carried out by the MICCA team in collaboration with partners. The te chnical information supports negotiation processes undertaken through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

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