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Promouvoir des emplois ruraux décents pour plus de sécurité alimentaire: Raisons d’agir








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    Decent Rural Employment for Food Security: A Case for Action 2012
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    Promoting decent employment is essential to achieving food security and reducing poverty. Simply put, in order to be able to access food, poor people rely on the income from their labour, because it is often the only asset they have. This was explicitly acknowledged through the inclusion of target 1.B “Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people” in the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1 to “Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger”. However, p olicy responses have rarely addressed the employment and hunger challenges in a coordinated manner. There has been growing attention to the importance of employment, as seen in the United Nations (UN) system’s response to the global and financial crisis. In 2009, the UN agreed on a Global Jobs Pact to boost employment, production, investment and aggregate demand, and promote decent work for all. Moreover, the UN System Wide Action Plan of the Second UN Decade for the Eradication of Poverty (2008 -2017) set “full employment and decent work for all” as a main theme. Likewise, a variety of initiatives have been taken to increase food and nutrition security of the most vulnerable, including increasing investment in agriculture, addressing food prices increases, and reducing producers’ and consumers’ vulnerability to food price shocks and to the effects of climate change. And yet, those initiatives have rarely taken up explicit employment objectives.
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    FAO, Private and public partnership model for Youth Employment in Agriculture. Experiences from Malawi, Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar Archipelago 2014
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    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) leads international efforts to defeat hunger and mitigate poverty by helping developing countries and countries in transition to modernize and improve their agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices and to ensure food and nutrition security for all. Furthermore, as stressed by FAO, improving policy coherence between employment and agricultural initiatives and investing more in the promotion of decent rural employment make a si gnificant contribution to the interlinked challenges of fighting rural poverty and feeding a growing – and increasingly young – population in a sustainable way. Achieving food security for all is at the heart of FAO’s mandate and given the prevalence of poverty and food insecurity among rural youth, they have long been a target of FAO’s activities. Furthermore, the Organization has recently strengthened its commitment to rural youth in its new Strategic Framework. This framework focuses FAO’s ef forts and resources on achieving five strategic objectives. Underlying the third strategic objective – reducing rural poverty – is an explicit emphasis on the promotion of decent employment opportunities for rural youth. This reflects the importance that FAO assigns to youth development as a catalyst for reducing poverty and improving food and nutrition security. It also signals FAO’s intent to address youth employment in a comprehensive way, redirecting expertise and efforts throughout the Orga nization.

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