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Decent Rural Employment for Food Security: A Case for Action









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    Book (stand-alone)
    Promouvoir des emplois ruraux décents pour plus de sécurité alimentaire: Raisons d’agir 2014
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    Promoting decent employment is essential to achieving food security and reducing poverty. Simply put, in order to be able to access food, poor people rely on the income from their labour, because it is often the only asset they have. This was explicitly acknowledged through the inclusion of target 1.B “Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young peopleâ€Â� in the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1 to “Eradicate extreme poverty and hungerâ€Â�. However, policy responses have rarely addressed the employment and hunger challenges in a coordinated manner. There has been growing attention to the importance of employment, as seen in the United Nations (UN) system’s response to the global and financial crisis. In 2009, the UN agreed on a Global Jobs Pact to boost employment, production, investment and aggregate demand, and promote decent work for all. Moreover, the UN System Wide Action Plan of the Second UN Decade for the Eradication of P overty (2008-2017) set “full employment and decent work for allâ€Â� as a main theme. Likewise, a variety of initiatives have been taken to increase food and nutrition security of the most vulnerable, including increasing investment in agriculture, addressing food prices increases, and reducing producers’ and consumers’ vulnerability to food price shocks and to the effects of climate change. And yet, those initiatives have rarely taken up explicit employment objectives.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    FAO, Private and public partnership model for Youth Employment in Agriculture. Experiences from Malawi, Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar Archipelago 2014
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    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) leads international efforts to defeat hunger and mitigate poverty by helping developing countries and countries in transition to modernize and improve their agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices and to ensure food and nutrition security for all. Furthermore, as stressed by FAO, improving policy coherence between employment and agricultural initiatives and investing more in the promotion of decent rural employment make a si gnificant contribution to the interlinked challenges of fighting rural poverty and feeding a growing – and increasingly young – population in a sustainable way. Achieving food security for all is at the heart of FAO’s mandate and given the prevalence of poverty and food insecurity among rural youth, they have long been a target of FAO’s activities. Furthermore, the Organization has recently strengthened its commitment to rural youth in its new Strategic Framework. This framework focuses FAO’s ef forts and resources on achieving five strategic objectives. Underlying the third strategic objective – reducing rural poverty – is an explicit emphasis on the promotion of decent employment opportunities for rural youth. This reflects the importance that FAO assigns to youth development as a catalyst for reducing poverty and improving food and nutrition security. It also signals FAO’s intent to address youth employment in a comprehensive way, redirecting expertise and efforts throughout the Orga nization.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Promoting decent rural employment 2017
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    Promoting policies and investments that support the creation of decent employment opportunities in rural areas is crucial to generating livelihoods for the world’s poor. Rural people depend on agriculture and their own labour to earn a living; yet, rural employment opportunities are often scarce, informal, hazardous and poorly remunerated. To meet the Sustainable Development Goals and eradicate poverty and hunger by 2030, FAO works to build lasting policy changes that foster rural employment. B y supporting the development of strategies and programmes that create more and better jobs, FAO helps governments stimulate both the agricultural and the rural, non-farm economies. This includes promoting the application of international labour standards, particularly for eliminating child labour in agriculture, and partnering with national stakeholders to build human capital by improving access to vocational and entrepreneurial training and strengthening the capacity of rural organizations. FA O also helps countries address the root causes of distress migration by boosting decent employment opportunities in rural areas, while building resilience and risk management mechanisms to protect rural livelihoods.

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