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52 Profiles on Agroecology: Improving food security, nutrition and income of tribal smallholder farmers in Sundagarh District, Odisha, India










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    Degradation of tribal forest-ecosystem and food insecurity among Kutia Kondh tribe of Odisha - a major concern in the 21st century
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Tribal People look after their forest in such a way no one can’t as they depend solely on forest for their livelihood, also they worship their forest as God. One such tribe called Kutia Kondha of Odisha (specially located in Kalahandi & Bolangir districts) protect the forest since ages and due to their indigenous agricultural practice(Podu cultivation) they are able to grow nutritious grains and other food. Their practice helps to conserve the agro ecosystem as well as forest ecosystem, but due to intervention of Government and other agencies they fear their forest will no longer sustain and their livelihood is in stake so also their food security because of massive Teak plantation programme. When the whole World is focusing on Food security measures, at this juncture the tribal forest ecosystem on which the tribal people depends for the NTFP for their sustenance is being destroyed in the name of “Development” which is the dark side of Sustainability campaign. Scientifically, due to such programme the nutritious grains like Millets which are majorly grown by tribal can’t be grown henceforth which is the major concern as they are now start eating poisonous food i.e the underground portion of certain wild plants. This causes severe health hazards to these tribal people. In a survey it is found that about 78% of tribal population is suffering from hunger related complications and about 82% children are suffering from various food poison and other unknown diseases which sometimes lead to premature death. Also about 92% of tribal population (forest dwellers) has now changed their food habit due to non availability of land for their indigenous cultivation practices which is another factor for their food insecurity. In conclusion the coordination of 3 “E” is important as lack of proper education and less access to ecology will lead to a degraded economy. Keywords: Climate change, Food systems Deforestation and forest degradation, Human health and wellbeing, Sustainable forest management ID: 3654134
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    Improving Productivity, Nutrition, and Income Security of Farmers on Food and Nutrition-Insecure Districts in Zimbabwe - GCP/ZIM/025/UK 2021
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    In Zimbabwe, approximately 70 percent of the population relies on subsistence rainfed agriculture for their livelihoods and food and nutrition security. The majority are smallholder farmers, tilling an average of one hectare of land or less per household. The high reliance on subsistence rainfed agriculture renders much of the rural population vulnerable to climate related shocks and seasonal stressors. According to vulnerability assessments, households have few sources of income other than agriculture, and spend more than half of their budget on food. The country’s already precarious food security and nutrition situation is further exacerbated by poorly functioning markets, low soil fertility, and farmers’ limited access to credit, knowledge and best practices. In order to address these challenges, the project aimed to promote improved and climate smart agricultural practices, increase access by smallholder farmers to rural finance, and stimulate the production and consumption of safe and nutritious food, among other key interventions.
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    52 Profiles on Agroecology: Early warning weather information, Senegal 2017
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    Agriculture in Senegal is predominantly rain-fed and so erratic weather patterns present an ever-increasing risk to smallholder farmers across the country. Late onset of rain can lead to a reduced growing season; unexpected torrential rain and flash-flooding can lead to farmers losing scarce resources of seed, other farm inputs and labour together with the loss of topsoil, resulting in declining food security.

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