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Increasing Youth Employment Project (AMAL)

UTF/AZE/013/AZE









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    Project
    Increasing Youth Employment in Agriculture - UTF/AZE/013/AZE 2022
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    As in other developing nations, maximizing the potential of young workers in Azerbaijan is essential for the advancement of growth and development, and the reduction of poverty. The country’s agriculture sector, mainly based on subsistence type farming, provides employment to 36.3 percent of the workforce. The sector also generates about two fifths of household income in rural areas. Recognizing the need to safeguard opportunities for rural youth, the government set youth employment in the agriculture sector as a country priority. The aim of the project was to enhance the self employability and entrepreneurship opportunities of rural young women and men.
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    Project
    Boosting Decent Employment and Self-Employment Opportunities in Agriculture and Agribusiness for Youth in Africa - GCP/INT/920/MUL 2024
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    Africa has the world’s youngest population, with more than 600 million people under the age of 24 and more than 750 million under the age of 35. The growing youth population is challenging Africa’s ability to meet the demand for jobs, which has pushed many to migrate out of rural areas and across borders. The agricultural sector in Africa can play a key role in solving the youth employment challenge that threatens stability and growth in many countries across the continent. Against this background, in partnership with the African Union Commission (AUC), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) developed the comprehensive Opportunities for Youth in Africa (OYA) joint programme, in response to a dedicated call for accelerating efforts on job creation for African youth, especially through agribusiness and entrepreneurship development. This OYA project was implemented in six pilot countries: Cabo Verde, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Kenya, Tunisia, and Zambia.
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    Preparing and accessing decent work amongst rural youth in Cambodia 2019
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    The case study explores which skills and training opportunities young people need in order to gain access to decent employment in rural areas. The research was undertaken in order to develop recommendations to support the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) and FAO Cambodia in developing appropriate recommendations to support rural young people, especially those of the 15 to 17 age cohort. The study highlights the limited decent employment opportunities that currently exist along various agricultural value chains in rural Cambodia. Poverty and the structural problems of the agricultural sector are the main barriers for youth in accessing decent rural employment. A substantial enhancement of the education system, as well as the provision of appropriate training services to ensure successful schoolto-work transition is seen as necessary to tackle these challenges. A well-balanced policy mix reflecting national and local circumstances can encourage employment opportunities and create an environment that enables rural youth. Building on previous research on agriculture in Cambodia, agricultural transformation requires promotion of agribusiness enterprises, support to community-managed organizations of farmers, promotion of agropreneurs, and investments in agricultural and rural development, particularly in infrastructure, energy, water, education and health. Moreover, most youth entering agriculture are self-employed and work as smallscale farmers. Therefore, the provision of skills and training in rural areas should focus on the skills required to be self-employed.

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