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Overview of land degradation neutrality (LDN) in Europe and Central Asia

LDN in Kyrgyzstan










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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Overview of land degradation neutrality (LDN) in Europe and Central Asia
    LDN in Georgia
    2021
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    Georgia is located between Eastern Europe and Western Asia, in the Caucasus region. It is a small mountainous country mostly covered by forests and grasslands. Due to the climate and topography, soils are vulnerable to water and wind soil erosion. Desertification in Georgia is accelerated by unsustainable land use, causing widespread severe erosion of arable lands, loss of tree covered areas and decreased productivity of pasturelands. Most of the rural population depend on livestock rearing for their livelihoods and overgrazing is a major driver of pasturelands degradation. Protection and sustainable management of land resources is a crucial objective of the country which has set its national LDN targets.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Overview of land degradation neutrality (LDN) in Europe and Central Asia
    LDN in Uzbekistan
    2021
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    Uzbekistan is one of the only two double landlocked countries in the world (completely surrounded by other landlocked countries). It is mostly covered by arid and semiarid plains and deserts with strong continental climate (hot summer and cold winters), with mountain landscapes and more humid climate to the east. The main rivers in Central Asia cross its territory, which has the second lowest Net Primary Productivity of the region (0.71 tC per ha). However, Uzbekistan still holds the second highest Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use GDP of the region, showing the relevance of irrigation for the country´s economy. Soils are prone to salinization which is exacerbated by dust storms and salt from exposed Aral seabed and unsustainable irrigation and cropland management.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Overview of land degradation neutrality (LDN) in Europe and Central Asia
    LDN in Tajikistan
    2021
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    The Republic of Tajikistan, located in the south-west of Central Asia, is crossed by the Pamir, Alay and Tian Shan Mountain ranges, with more than 90 percent of the territory classified as mountain. The country has a continental climate and its rivers provide fresh water to other Central Asian countries. Pamir Highlands of Western Tajikistan are considered a significant centre for crop evolution. The Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use sector accounts for 24 percent of the GDP and 73 percent of the population is rural, indicating the importance of these activities for the livelihood and food security of the country. Due to unsustainable land management practices and steep slopes water erosion and the creation of gullies represent a major problem in Tajikistan.

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